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Read the Bible in a Year - December 21

James 1 - 5


American Standard Version

James 1

1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are of the Dispersion, greeting.

2 Count it all joy, my brethren, when ye fall into manifold temptations;

3 Knowing that the proving of your faith worketh patience.

4 And let patience have its perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, lacking in nothing.

5 But if any of you lacketh wisdom, let him ask of God, who giveth to all liberally and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.

6 But let him ask in faith, nothing doubting: for he that doubteth is like the surge of the sea driven by the wind and tossed.

7 For let not that man think that he shall receive anything of the Lord;

8 a doubleminded man, unstable in all his ways.

9 But let the brother of low degree glory in his high estate:

10 and the rich, in that he is made low: because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away.

11 For the sun ariseth with the scorching wind, and withereth the grass: and the flower thereof falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade away in his goings.

12 Blessed is the man that endureth temptation; for when he hath been approved, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord promised to them that love him.

13 Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God; for God cannot be tempted with evil, and he himself tempteth no man:

14 but each man is tempted, when he is drawn away by his own lust, and enticed.

15 Then the lust, when it hath conceived, beareth sin: and the sin, when it is fullgrown, bringeth forth death.

16 Be not deceived, my beloved brethren.

17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom can be no variation, neither shadow that is cast by turning.

18 Of his own will he brought us forth by the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.

19 Ye know this, my beloved brethren. But let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath:

20 for the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God.

21 Wherefore putting away all filthiness and overflowing of wickedness, receive with meekness the implanted word, which is able to save your souls.

22 But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deluding your own selves.

23 For if any one is a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like unto a man beholding his natural face in a mirror:

24 for he beholdeth himself, and goeth away, and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was.

25 But he that looketh into the perfect law, the law of liberty, and so continueth, being not a hearer that forgetteth but a doer that worketh, this man shall be blessed in his doing.

26 If any man thinketh himself to be religious, while he bridleth not his tongue but deceiveth his heart, this man's religion is vain.

27 Pure religion and undefiled before our God and Father is this, to visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep oneself unspotted from the world.

James 2

1 My brethren, hold not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory, with respect of persons.

2 For if there come into your synagogue a man with a gold ring, in fine clothing, and there come in also a poor man in vile clothing;

3 and ye have regard to him that weareth the fine clothing, and say, Sit thou here in a good place; and ye say to the poor man, Stand thou there, or sit under my footstool;

4 Do ye not make distinctions among yourselves, and become judges with evil thoughts?

5 Hearken, my beloved brethren; did not God choose them that are poor as to the world to be rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he promised to them that love him?

6 But ye have dishonored the poor man. Do not the rich oppress you, and themselves drag you before the judgment-seats?

7 Do not they blaspheme the honorable name by which ye are called?

8 Howbeit if ye fulfil the royal law, according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself, ye do well:

9 but if ye have respect of persons, ye commit sin, being convicted by the law as transgressors.

10 For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet stumble in one point, he is become guilty of all.

11 For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou dost not commit adultery, but killest, thou art become a transgressor of the law.

12 So speak ye, and so do, as men that are to be judged by a law of liberty.

13 For judgment is without mercy to him that hath showed no mercy: mercy glorieth against judgment.

14 What doth it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but have not works? can that faith save him?

15 If a brother or sister be naked and in lack of daily food,

16 and one of you say unto them, Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled; and yet ye give them not the things needful to the body; what doth it profit?

17 Even so faith, if it have not works, is dead in itself.

18 Yea, a man will say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: show me thy faith apart from thy works, and I by my works will show thee my faith.

19 Thou believest that God is one; thou doest well: the demons also believe, and shudder.

20 But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith apart from works is barren?

21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, in that he offered up Isaac his son upon the altar?

22 Thou seest that faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect;

23 and the scripture was fulfilled which saith, And Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned unto him for righteousness; and he was called the friend of God.

24 Ye see that by works a man is justified, and not only by faith.

25 And in like manner was not also Rahab the harlot justified by works, in that she received the messengers, and sent them out another way?

26 For as the body apart from the spirit is dead, even so faith apart from works is dead.

James 3

1 Be not many of you teachers, my brethren, knowing that we shall receive heavier judgment.

2 For in many things we all stumble. If any stumbleth not in word, the same is a perfect man, able to bridle the whole body also.

3 Now if we put the horses' bridles into their mouths that they may obey us, we turn about their whole body also.

4 Behold, the ships also, though they are so great and are driven by rough winds, are yet turned about by a very small rudder, whither the impulse of the steersman willeth.

5 So the tongue also is a little member, and boasteth great things. Behold, how much wood is kindled by how small a fire!

6 And the tongue is a fire: the world of iniquity among our members is the tongue, which defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the wheel of nature, and is set on fire by hell.

7 For every kind of beasts and birds, of creeping things and things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed by mankind.

8 But the tongue can no man tame; it is a restless evil, it is full of deadly poison.

9 Therewith bless we the Lord and Father; and therewith curse we men, who are made after the likeness of God:

10 out of the same mouth cometh forth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.

11 Doth the fountain send forth from the same opening sweet water and bitter?

12 Can a fig tree, my brethren, yield olives, or a vine figs? Neither can salt water yield sweet.

13 Who is wise and understanding among you? let him show by his good life his works in meekness of wisdom.

14 But if ye have bitter jealousy and faction in your heart, glory not and lie not against the truth.

15 This wisdom is not a wisdom that cometh down from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish.

16 For where jealousy and faction are, there is confusion and every vile deed.

17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without variance, without hypocrisy.

18 And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace for them that make peace.

James 4

1 Whence come wars and whence come fightings among you? come they not hence, even of your pleasures that war in your members?

2 Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and covet, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war; ye have not, because ye ask not.

3 Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may spend it in your pleasures.

4 Ye adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? Whosoever therefore would be a friend of the world maketh himself an enemy of God.

5 Or think ye that the scripture speaketh in vain? Doth the spirit which he made to dwell in us long unto envying?

6 But he giveth more grace. Wherefore the scripture saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace to the humble.

7 Be subject therefore unto God; but resist the devil, and he will flee from you.

8 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse your hands, ye sinners; and purify your hearts, ye doubleminded.

9 Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness.

10 Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he shall exalt you.

11 Speak not one against another, brethren. He that speaketh against a brother, or judgeth his brother, speaketh against the law, and judgeth the law: but if thou judgest the law, thou art not a doer of the law, but a judge.

12 One only is the lawgiver and judge, even he who is able to save and to destroy: but who art thou that judgest thy neighbor?

13 Come now, ye that say, To-day or to-morrow we will go into this city, and spend a year there, and trade, and get gain:

14 whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. What is your life? For ye are a vapor, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away.

15 For that ye ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall both live, and do this or that.

16 But now ye glory in your vauntings: all such glorying is evil.

17 To him therefore that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin.

James 5

1 Come now, ye rich, weep and howl for your miseries that are coming upon you.

2 Your riches are corrupted, and your garments are moth-eaten.

3 Your gold and your silver are rusted; and their rust shall be for a testimony against you, and shall eat your flesh as fire. Ye have laid up your treasure in the last days.

4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who mowed your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth out: and the cries of them that reaped have entered into the ears of the Lord of Sabaoth.

5 Ye have lived delicately on the earth, and taken your pleasure; ye have nourished your hearts in a day of slaughter.

6 Ye have condemned, ye have killed the righteous one; he doth not resist you.

7 Be patient therefore, brethren, until the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, being patient over it, until it receive the early and latter rain.

8 Be ye also patient; establish your hearts: for the coming of the Lord is at hand.

9 Murmur not, brethren, one against another, that ye be not judged: behold, the judge standeth before the doors.

10 Take, brethren, for an example of suffering and of patience, the prophets who spake in the name of the Lord.

11 Behold, we call them blessed that endured: ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord, how that the Lord is full of pity, and merciful.

12 But above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by the heaven, nor by the earth, nor by any other oath: but let your yea be yea, and your nay, nay; that ye fall not under judgment.

13 Is any among you suffering? Let him pray. Is any cheerful? Let him sing praise.

14 Is any among you sick? Let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord:

15 and the prayer of faith shall save him that is sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he have committed sins, it shall be forgiven him.

16 Confess therefore your sins one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The supplication of a righteous man availeth much in its working.

17 Elijah was a man of like passions with us, and he prayed fervently that it might not rain; and it rained not on the earth for three years and six months.

18 And he prayed again; and the heaven gave rain, and the earth brought forth her fruit.

19 My brethren, if any among you err from the truth, and one convert him;

20 let him know, that he who converteth a sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death, and shall cover a multitude of sins.

Amplified

James 1

1 JAMES, A servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes scattered abroad +[among the Gentiles in the dispersion+]: Greetings (rejoice)!

2 Consider it wholly joyful, my brethren, whenever you are enveloped in {or} encounter trials of any sort {or} fall into various temptations.

3 Be assured {and} understand that the trial {and} proving of your faith bring out endurance {and} steadfastness {and} patience.

4 But let endurance {and} steadfastness {and} patience have full play {and} do a thorough work, so that you may be +[people+] perfectly and fully developed +[with no defects+], lacking in nothing.

5 If any of you is deficient in wisdom, let him ask of the giving God +[Who gives+] to everyone liberally {and} ungrudgingly, without reproaching {or} faultfinding, and it will be given him.

6 Only it must be in faith that he asks with no wavering (no hesitating, no doubting). For the one who wavers (hesitates, doubts) is like the billowing surge out at sea that is blown hither {and} thither and tossed by the wind.

7 For truly, let not such a person imagine that he will receive anything +[he asks for+] from the Lord,

8 +[For being as he is+] a man of two minds (hesitating, dubious, irresolute), +[he is+] unstable {and} unreliable {and} uncertain about everything +[he thinks, feels, decides+].

9 Let the brother in humble circumstances glory in his elevation +[as a Christian, called to the true riches and to be an heir of God+],

10 And the rich +[person ought to glory+] in being humbled +[by being shown his human frailty+], because like the flower of the grass he will pass away.

11 For the sun comes up with a scorching heat and parches the grass; its flower falls off and its beauty fades away. Even so will the rich man wither {and} die in the midst of his pursuits.

12 Blessed (happy, to be envied) is the man who is patient under trial {and} stands up under temptation, for when he has stood the test {and} been approved, he will receive +[the victor's+] crown of life which God has promised to those who love Him.

13 Let no one say when he is tempted, I am tempted from God; for God is incapable of being tempted by +[what is+] evil and He Himself tempts no one.

14 But every person is tempted when he is drawn away, enticed {and} baited by his own evil desire (lust, passions).

15 Then the evil desire, when it has conceived, gives birth to sin, and sin, when it is fully matured, brings forth death.

16 Do not be misled, my beloved brethren.

17 Every good gift and every perfect (free, large, full) gift is from above; it comes down from the Father of all +[that gives+] light, in +[the shining of+] Whom there can be no variation +[rising or setting+] or shadow cast by His turning +[as in an eclipse+].

18 And it was of His own +[free+] will that He gave us birth +[as sons+] by +[His+] Word of Truth, so that we should be a kind of firstfruits of His creatures +[a sample of what He created to be consecrated to Himself+].

19 Understand +[this+], my beloved brethren. Let every man be quick to hear +[a ready listener+], slow to speak, slow to take offense {and} to get angry.

20 For man's anger does not promote the righteousness God +[wishes and requires+].

21 So get rid of all uncleanness and the rampant outgrowth of wickedness, and in a humble (gentle, modest) spirit receive {and} welcome the Word which implanted {and} rooted +[in your hearts+] contains the power to save your souls.

22 But be doers of the Word +[obey the message+], and not merely listeners to it, betraying yourselves +[into deception by reasoning contrary to the Truth+].

23 For if anyone only listens to the Word without obeying it {and} being a doer of it, he is like a man who looks carefully at his +[own+] natural face in a mirror;

24 For he thoughtfully observes himself, and then goes off and promptly forgets what he was like.

25 But he who looks carefully into the faultless law, the +[law+] of liberty, and is faithful to it {and} perseveres in looking into it, being not a heedless listener who forgets but an active doer +[who obeys+], he shall be blessed in his doing (his life of obedience).

26 If anyone thinks himself to be religious (piously observant of the external duties of his faith) and does not bridle his tongue but deludes his own heart, this person's religious service is worthless (futile, barren).

27 External religious worship +[religion as it is expressed in outward acts+] that is pure and unblemished in the sight of God the Father is this: to visit {and} help {and} care for the orphans and widows in their affliction {and} need, and to keep oneself unspotted {and} uncontaminated from the world.

James 2

1 MY BRETHREN, pay no servile regard to people +[show no prejudice, no partiality+]. Do not +[attempt to+] hold {and} practice the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ +[the Lord+] of glory +[together with snobbery+]!

2 For if a person comes into your congregation whose hands are adorned with gold rings and who is wearing splendid apparel, and also a poor +[man+] in shabby clothes comes in,

3 And you pay special attention to the one who wears the splendid clothes and say to him, Sit here in this preferable seat! while you tell the poor +[man+], Stand there! or, Sit there on the floor at my feet!

4 Are you not discriminating among your own and becoming critics {and} judges with wrong motives?

5 Listen, my beloved brethren: Has not God chosen those who are poor in the eyes of the world to be rich in faith {and} in their position as believers and to inherit the kingdom which He has promised to those who love Him?

6 But you +[in contrast+] have insulted (humiliated, dishonored, and shown your contempt for) the poor. Is it not the rich who domineer over you? Is it not they who drag you into the law courts?

7 Is it not they who slander {and} blaspheme that precious name by which you are distinguished {and} called +[the name of Christ invoked in baptism+]?

8 If indeed you +[really+] fulfill the royal Law in accordance with the Scripture, You shall love your neighbor as +[you love+] yourself, you do well.

9 But if you show servile regard (prejudice, favoritism) for people, you commit sin and are rebuked {and} convicted by the Law as violators {and} offenders.

10 For whosoever keeps the Law +[as a+] whole but stumbles {and} offends in one +[single instance+] has become guilty of +[breaking+] all of it.

11 For He Who said, You shall not commit adultery, also said, You shall not kill. If you do not commit adultery but do kill, you have become guilty of transgressing the +[whole+] Law.

12 So speak and so act as +[people should+] who are to be judged under the law of liberty +[the moral instruction given by Christ, especially about love+].

13 For to him who has shown no mercy the judgment +[will be+] merciless, but mercy +[full of glad confidence+] exults victoriously over judgment.

14 What is the use (profit), my brethren, for anyone to profess to have faith if he has no +[good+] works +[to show for it+]? Can +[such+] faith save +[his soul+]?

15 If a brother or sister is poorly clad and lacks food for each day,

16 And one of you says to him, Good-bye! Keep +[yourself+] warm and well fed, without giving him the necessities for the body, what good does that do?

17 So also faith, if it does not have works (deeds and actions of obedience to back it up), by itself is destitute of power (inoperative, dead).

18 But someone will say +[to you then+], You +[say you+] have faith, and I have +[good+] works. Now you show me your +[alleged+] faith apart from any +[good+] works +[if you can+], and I by +[good+] works +[of obedience+] will show you my faith.

19 You believe that God is one; you do well. So do the demons believe and shudder +[in terror and horror such as make a man's hair stand on end and contract the surface of his skin+]!

20 Are you willing to be shown +[proof+], you foolish (unproductive, spiritually deficient) fellow, that faith apart from +[good+] works is inactive {and} ineffective {and} worthless?

21 Was not our forefather Abraham +[shown to be+] justified (made acceptable to God) by +[his+] works when he brought to the altar as an offering his +[own+] son Isaac?

22 You see that +[his+] faith was cooperating with his works, and +[his+] faith was completed {and} reached its supreme expression +[when he implemented it+] by +[good+] works.

23 And +[so+] the Scripture was fulfilled that says, Abraham believed in (adhered to, trusted in, and relied on) God, and this was accounted to him as righteousness (as conformity to God's will in thought and deed), and he was called God's friend.

24 You see that a man is justified (pronounced righteous before God) through what he does and not alone through faith +[through works of obedience as well as by what he believes+].

25 So also with Rahab the harlot--was she not shown to be justified (pronounced righteous before God) by +[good+] deeds when she took in the scouts (spies) and sent them away by a different route?

26 For as the human body apart from the spirit is lifeless, so faith apart from +[its+] works of obedience is also dead.

James 3

1 NOT MANY +[of you+] should become teachers (self-constituted censors and reprovers of others), my brethren, for you know that we +[teachers+] will be judged by a higher standard {and} with greater severity +[than other people; thus we assume the greater accountability and the more condemnation+].

2 For we all often stumble {and} fall {and} offend in many things. And if anyone does not offend in speech +[never says the wrong things+], he is a fully developed character {and} a perfect man, able to control his whole body {and} to curb his entire nature.

3 If we set bits in the horses' mouths to make them obey us, we can turn their whole bodies about.

4 Likewise, look at the ships: though they are so great and are driven by rough winds, they are steered by a very small rudder wherever the impulse of the helmsman determines.

5 Even so the tongue is a little member, and it can boast of great things. See how much wood {or} how great a forest a tiny spark can set ablaze!

6 And the tongue is a fire. +[The tongue is a+] world of wickedness set among our members, contaminating {and} depraving the whole body and setting on fire the wheel of birth (the cycle of man's nature), being itself ignited by hell (Gehenna).

7 For every kind of beast and bird, of reptile and sea animal, can be tamed and has been tamed by human genius (nature).

8 But the human tongue can be tamed by no man. It is a restless (undisciplined, irreconcilable) evil, full of deadly poison.

9 With it we bless the Lord and Father, and with it we curse men who were made in God's likeness!

10 Out of the same mouth come forth blessing and cursing. These things, my brethren, ought not to be so.

11 Does a fountain send forth +[simultaneously+] from the same opening fresh water and bitter?

12 Can a fig tree, my brethren, bear olives, or a grapevine figs? Neither can a salt spring furnish fresh water.

13 Who is there among you who is wise and intelligent? Then let him by his noble living show forth his +[good+] works with the +[unobtrusive+] humility +[which is the proper attribute+] of true wisdom.

14 But if you have bitter jealousy (envy) and contention (rivalry, selfish ambition) in your hearts, do not pride yourselves on it and thus be in defiance of {and} false to the Truth.

15 This +[superficial+] wisdom is not such as comes down from above, but is earthly, unspiritual (animal), even devilish (demoniacal).

16 For wherever there is jealousy (envy) and contention (rivalry and selfish ambition), there will also be confusion (unrest, disharmony, rebellion) and all sorts of evil {and} vile practices.

17 But the wisdom from above is first of all pure (undefiled); then it is peace-loving, courteous (considerate, gentle). +[It is willing to+] yield to reason, full of compassion and good fruits; it is wholehearted {and} straightforward, impartial {and} unfeigned (free from doubts, wavering, and insincerity).

18 And the harvest of righteousness (of conformity to God's will in thought and deed) is +[the fruit of the seed+] sown in peace by those who work for {and} make peace +[in themselves and in others, that peace which means concord, agreement, and harmony between individuals, with undisturbedness, in a peaceful mind free from fears and agitating passions and moral conflicts+].

James 4

1 WHAT LEADS to strife (discord and feuds) {and} how do conflicts (quarrels and fightings) originate among you? Do they not arise from your sensual desires that are ever warring in your bodily members?

2 You are jealous {and} covet +[what others have+] and your desires go unfulfilled; +[so+] you become murderers. +[To hate is to murder as far as your hearts are concerned.+] You burn with envy {and} anger and are not able to obtain +[the gratification, the contentment, and the happiness that you seek+], so you fight and war. You do not have, because you do not ask.

3 +[Or+] you do ask +[God for them+] and yet fail to receive, because you ask with wrong purpose and evil, selfish motives. Your intention is +[when you get what you desire+] to spend it in sensual pleasures.

4 You +[are like+] unfaithful wives +[having illicit love affairs with the world and breaking your marriage vow to God+]! Do you not know that being the world's friend is being God's enemy? So whoever chooses to be a friend of the world takes his stand as an enemy of God.

5 Or do you suppose that the Scripture is speaking to no purpose that says, The Spirit Whom He has caused to dwell in us yearns over us {and} He yearns for the Spirit +[to be welcome+] with a jealous love?

6 But He gives us more and more grace (power of the Holy Spirit, to meet this evil tendency and all others fully). That is why He says, God sets Himself against the proud and haughty, but gives grace +[continually+] to the lowly (those who are humble enough to receive it).

7 So be subject to God. Resist the devil +[stand firm against him+], and he will flee from you.

8 Come close to God and He will come close to you. +[Recognize that you are+] sinners, get your soiled hands clean; +[realize that you have been disloyal+] wavering individuals with divided interests, and purify your hearts +[of your spiritual adultery+].

9 +[As you draw near to God+] be deeply penitent and grieve, even weep +[over your disloyalty+]. Let your laughter be turned to grief and your mirth to dejection {and} heartfelt shame +[for your sins+].

10 Humble yourselves +[feeling very insignificant+] in the presence of the Lord, and He will exalt you +[He will lift you up and make your lives significant+].

11 +[My+] brethren, do not speak evil about or accuse one another. He that maligns a brother or judges his brother is maligning {and} criticizing the Law {and} judging the Law. But if you judge the Law, you are not a practicer of the Law but a censor {and} j

12 One only is the Lawgiver {and} Judge Who is able to save and to destroy +[the One Who has the absolute power of life and death+]. +[But you+] who are you that +[you presume to+] pass judgment on your neighbor?

13 Come now, you who say, Today or tomorrow we will go into such {and} such a city and spend a year there and carry on our business and make money.

14 Yet you do not know +[the least thing+] about what may happen tomorrow. What is the nature of your life? You are +[really+] but a wisp of vapor (a puff of smoke, a mist) that is visible for a little while and then disappears +[into thin air+].

15 You ought instead to say, If the Lord is willing, we shall live and we shall do this or that +[thing+].

16 But as it is, you boast +[falsely+] in your presumption {and} your self-conceit. All such boasting is wrong.

17 So any person who knows what is right to do but does not do it, to him it is sin.

James 5

1 COME NOW, you rich +[people+], weep aloud and lament over the miseries (the woes) that are surely coming upon you.

2 Your abundant wealth has rotted {and} is ruined, and your +[many+] garments have become moth-eaten.

3 Your gold and silver are completely rusted through, and their rust will be testimony against you and it will devour your flesh as if it were fire. You have heaped together treasure for the last days.

4 +[But+] look! +[Here are+] the wages that you have withheld by fraud from the laborers who have reaped your fields, crying out +[for vengeance+]; and the cries of the harvesters have come to the ears of the Lord of hosts.

5 +[Here+] on earth you have abandoned yourselves to soft (prodigal) living and to +[the pleasures of+] self-indulgence {and} self-gratification. You have fattened your hearts in a day of slaughter.

6 You have condemned and have murdered the righteous (innocent man), +[while+] he offers no resistance to you.

7 So be patient, brethren, +[as you wait+] till the coming of the Lord. See how the farmer waits expectantly for the precious harvest from the land. +[See how+] he keeps up his patient +[vigil+] over it until it receives the early and late rains.

8 So you also must be patient. Establish your hearts +[strengthen and confirm them in the final certainty+], for the coming of the Lord is very near.

9 Do not complain, brethren, against one another, so that you +[yourselves+] may not be judged. Look! The Judge is +[already+] standing at the very door.

10 +[As+] an example of suffering and ill-treatment together with patience, brethren, take the prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord +[as His messengers+].

11 You know how we call those blessed (happy) who were steadfast +[who endured+]. You have heard of the endurance of Job, and you have seen the Lord's +[purpose and how He richly blessed him in the+] end, inasmuch as the Lord is full of pity {and} compassion {and} tenderness and mercy.

12 But above all +[things+], my brethren, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or by any other oath; but let your yes be +[a simple+] yes, and your no be +[a simple+] no, so that you may not sin {and} fall under condemnation.

13 Is anyone among you afflicted (ill-treated, suffering evil)? He should pray. Is anyone glad at heart? He should sing praise +[to God+].

14 Is anyone among you sick? He should call in the church elders (the spiritual guides). And they should pray over him, anointing him with oil in the Lord's name.

15 And the prayer +[that is+] of faith will save him who is sick, and the Lord will restore him; and if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven.

16 Confess to one another therefore your faults (your slips, your false steps, your offenses, your sins) and pray +[also+] for one another, that you may be healed {and} restored +[to a spiritual tone of mind and heart+]. The earnest (heartfelt, continued) prayer of a righteous man makes tremendous power available +[dynamic in its working+].

17 Elijah was a human being with a nature such as we have +[with feelings, affections, and a constitution like ours+]; and he prayed earnestly for it not to rain, and no rain fell on the earth for three years and six months.

18 And +[then+] he prayed again and the heavens supplied rain and the land produced its crops +[as usual+].

19 +[My+] brethren, if anyone among you strays from the Truth {and} falls into error and another +[person+] brings him back +[to God+],

20 Let the +[latter+] one be sure that whoever turns a sinner from his evil course will save +[that one's+] soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins +[procure the pardon of the many sins committed by the convert+].

Basic Bible

James 1

1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, sends words of love to the twelve tribes of the Jews living in all parts of the earth.

2 Let it be all joy to you, my brothers, when you undergo tests of every sort;

3 Because you have the knowledge that the testing of your faith gives you the power of going on in hope;

4 But let this power have its full effect, so that you may be made complete, needing nothing.

5 But if any man among you is without wisdom, let him make his request to God, who gives freely to all without an unkind word, and it will be given to him.

6 Let him make his request in faith, doubting nothing; for he who has doubt in his heart is like the waves of the sea, which are troubled by the driving of the wind.

7 Let it not seem to such a man that he will get anything from the Lord;

8 For there is a division in his mind, and he is uncertain in all his ways.

9 But let the brother of low position be glad that he is lifted up;

10 But the man of wealth, that he is made low; because like the flower of the grass he will come to his end.

11 For when the sun comes up with its burning heat, the grass gets dry and the grace of its form is gone with the falling flower; so the man of wealth comes to nothing in his ways.

12 There is a blessing on the man who undergoes testing; because, if he has God's approval, he will be given the crown of life, which the Lord has said he will give to those who have love for him.

13 Let no man say when he is tested, I am tested by God; for it is not possible for God to be tested by evil, and he himself puts no man to such a test:

14 But every man is tested when he is turned out of the right way by the attraction of his desire.

15 Then when its time comes, desire gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is of full growth, gives birth to death.

16 Do not be turned from the right way, dear brothers.

17 Every good and true thing is given to us from heaven, coming from the Father of lights, with whom there is no change or any shade made by turning.

18 Of his purpose he gave us being, by his true word, so that we might be, in a sense, the first-fruits of all the things which he had made.

19 You have knowledge of this, dear brothers. But let every man be quick in hearing, slow in words, slow to get angry;

20 For the righteousness of God does not come about by the wrath of man.

21 For this reason, putting away all dirty behaviour and the overweight of evil, take into your souls without pride the word which, being planted there, is able to give you salvation.

22 But be doers of the word, and not only hearers of it, blinding yourselves with false ideas.

23 Because if any man is a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like a man looking at his natural face in a glass;

24 For after looking at himself he goes away, and in a short time he has no memory of what he was like.

25 But he who goes on looking into the true law which makes him free, being not a hearer without memory but a doer putting it into effect, this man will have a blessing on his acts.

26 If a man seems to have religion and has no control over his tongue but lets himself be tricked by what is false, this man's religion is of no value.

27 The religion which is holy and free from evil in the eyes of our God and Father is this: to take care of children who have no fathers and of widows who are in trouble, and to keep oneself untouched by the world.

James 2

1 My brothers, if you have the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ of glory, do not take a man's position into account.

2 For if a man comes into your Synagogue in fair clothing and with a gold ring, and a poor man comes in with dirty clothing,

3 And you do honour to the man in fair clothing and say, Come here and take this good place; and you say to the poor man, Take up your position there, or be seated at my feet;

4 Is there not a division in your minds? have you not become judges with evil thoughts?

5 Give ear, my dear brothers; are not those who are poor in the things of this world marked out by God to have faith as their wealth, and for their heritage the kingdom which he has said he will give to those who have love for him?

6 But you have put the poor man to shame. Are not the men of wealth rulers over you? do they not take you by force before their judges?

7 Do they not say evil of the holy name which was given to you?

8 But if you keep the greatest law of all, as it is given in the holy Writings, Have love for your neighbour as for yourself, you do well:

9 But if you take a man's position into account, you do evil, and are judged as evil-doers by the law.

10 For anyone who keeps all the law, but makes a slip in one point, is judged to have gone against it all.

11 For he who said, Do not be untrue in married life, is the same who said, Put no man to death. Now if you are not untrue in married life, but you put a man to death, the law is broken.

12 Let your words and your acts be those of men who are to be judged by the law which makes free.

13 For the man who has had no mercy will be judged without mercy, but mercy takes pride in overcoming judging.

14 What use is it, my brothers, for a man to say that he has faith, if he does nothing? will such a faith give him salvation?

15 If a brother or a sister is without clothing and in need of the day's food,

16 And one of you says to them, Go in peace, be warm and full of food; but you do not give them the things of which their bodies have need, what profit is there in this?

17 Even so faith without works is dead.

18 But a man may say, You have faith and I have works; let me see your faith without your works, and I will make my faith clear to you by my works.

19 You have the belief that God is one, and you do well: the evil spirits have the same belief, shaking with fear.

20 Do you not see, O foolish man, that faith without works is of no use?

21 Was not the righteousness of Abraham our father judged by his works, when he made an offering of Isaac his son on the altar?

22 You see that his faith was helping his works and was made complete by them;

23 And the holy Writings were put into effect which said, And Abraham had faith in God and it was put to his account as righteousness; and he was named the friend of God.

24 You see that a man's righteousness is judged by his works and not by his faith only.

25 And in the same way, was not the righteousness of Rahab, the loose woman, judged by her works, when she took into her house those who were sent and let them go out by another way?

26 For as the body without the spirit is dead even so faith without works is dead.

James 3

1 Do not all be teachers, my brothers, because we teachers will be judged more hardly than others.

2 For we all go wrong in a number of things. If a man never makes a slip in his talk, then he is a complete man and able to keep all his body in control.

3 Now if we put bits of iron into horses' mouths so that they may be guided by us, we have complete control of their bodies.

4 And again ships, though they are so great and are moved by violent winds, are turned by a very small guiding-blade, at the impulse of the man who is using it.

5 Even so the tongue is a small part of the body, but it takes credit for great things. How much wood may be lighted by a very little fire!

6 And the tongue is a fire; it is the power of evil placed in our bodies, making all the body unclean, putting the wheel of life on fire, and getting its fire from hell.

7 For every sort of beast and bird and every living thing on earth and in the sea has been controlled by man and is under his authority;

8 But the tongue may not be controlled by man; it is an unresting evil, it is full of the poison of death.

9 With it we give praise to our Lord and Father; and with it we put a curse on men who are made in God's image.

10 Out of the same mouth comes blessing and cursing. My brothers, it is not right for these things to be so.

11 Does the fountain send from the same outlet sweet and bitter water?

12 Is a fig-tree able to give us olives, my brothers, or do we get figs from a vine, or sweet water from the salt sea?

13 Who has wisdom and good sense among you? let him make his works clear by a life of gentle wisdom.

14 But if you have bitter envy in your heart and the desire to get the better of others, have no pride in this, talking falsely against what is true.

15 This wisdom is not from heaven, but is of the earth and the flesh and the Evil One.

16 For where envy is, and the desire to get the better of others, there is no order, but every sort of evil-doing.

17 But the wisdom which is from heaven is first holy, then gentle, readily giving way in argument, full of peace and mercy and good works, not doubting, not seeming other than it is.

18 And the fruit of righteousness is planted in peace for those who make peace.

James 4

1 What is the cause of wars and fighting among you? is it not in your desires which are at war in your bodies?

2 You are burning with desire, and have not your desire, so you put men to death; you are full of envy, and you are not able to get your desire, so you are fighting and making war; you have not your desire, because you do not make request for it.

3 You make your request but you do not get it, because your request has been wrongly made, desiring the thing only so that you may make use of it for your pleasure.

4 O you who are false to God, do you not see that the friends of this world are not God's friends? Every man desiring to be a friend of this world makes himself a hater of God.

5 Or does it seem to you that it is for nothing that the holy Writings say, The spirit which God put into our hearts has a strong desire for us?

6 But he gives more grace. So that the Writings say, God is against the men of pride, but he gives grace to those who make themselves low before him.

7 For this cause be ruled by God; but make war on the Evil One and he will be put to flight before you.

8 Come near to God and he will come near to you. Make your hands clean, you evil-doers; put away deceit from your hearts, you false in mind.

9 Be troubled, with sorrow and weeping; let your laughing be turned to sorrow and your joy to grief.

10 Make yourselves low in the eyes of the Lord and you will be lifted up by him.

11 Do not say evil against one another, my brothers. He who says evil against his brother or makes himself his brother's judge, says evil against the law and is judging the law: and in judging the law you become, not a doer of the law but a judge.

12 There is only one judge and law-giver, even he who has the power of salvation and of destruction; but who are you to be your neighbour's judge?

13 How foolish it is to say, Today or tomorrow we will go into this town, and be there for a year and do business there and get wealth:

14 When you are not certain what will take place tomorrow. What is your life? It is a mist, which is seen for a little time and then is gone.

15 But the right thing to say would be, If it is the Lord's pleasure and if we are still living, we will do this and that.

16 But now you go on glorying in your pride: and all such glorying is evil.

17 The man who has knowledge of how to do good and does not do it, to him it is sin.

James 5

1 Come now, you men of wealth, give yourselves to weeping and crying because of the bitter troubles which are coming to you.

2 Your wealth is unclean and insects have made holes in your clothing.

3 Your gold and your silver are wasted and their waste will be a witness against you, burning into your flesh. You have put by your store in the last days.

4 See, the money which you falsely kept back from the workers cutting the grass in your field, is crying out against you; and the cries of those who took in your grain have come to the ears of the Lord of armies.

5 You have been living delicately on earth and have taken your pleasure; you have made your hearts fat for a day of destruction.

6 You have given your decision against the upright man and have put him to death. He puts up no fight against you.

7 Go on waiting calmly, my brothers, till the coming of the Lord, like the farmer waiting for the good fruit of the earth till the early and late rains have come.

8 Be as calm in your waiting; let your hearts be strong: because the coming of the Lord is near.

9 Say no hard things against one another, brothers, so that you will not be judged; see, the judge is waiting at the doors.

10 Take as an example of pain nobly undergone and of strength in trouble, the prophets who gave to men the words of the Lord.

11 We say that those men who have gone through pain are happy: you have the story of Job and the troubles through which he went and have seen that the Lord was full of pity and mercy in the end.

12 But most of all, my brothers, do not take oaths, not by the heaven, or by the earth, or by any other thing: but let your Yes be Yes, and your No be No: so that you may not be judged.

13 Is anyone among you in trouble? let him say prayers. Is anyone glad? let him make a song of praise.

14 Is anyone among you ill? let him send for the rulers of the church; and let them say prayers over him, putting oil on him in the name of the Lord.

15 And by the prayer of faith the man who is ill will be made well, and he will be lifted up by the Lord, and for any sin which he has done he will have forgiveness.

16 So then, make a statement of your sins to one another, and say prayers for one another so that you may be made well. The prayer of a good man is full of power in its working.

17 Elijah was a man of flesh and blood as we are, and he made a strong prayer that there might be no rain; and there was no rain on the earth for three years and six months.

18 And he made another prayer, and the heaven sent down rain and the earth gave her fruit.

19 My brothers, if one of you has gone out of the way of the true faith and another has made him see his error,

20 Be certain that he through whom a sinner has been turned from the error of his way, keeps a soul from death and is the cause of forgiveness for sins without number.

Darby

James 1

1 James, bondman of God and of [the] Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which [are] in the dispersion, greeting.

2 Count it all joy, my brethren, when ye fall into various temptations,

3 knowing that the proving of your faith works endurance.

4 But let endurance have [its] perfect work, that ye may be perfect and complete, lacking in nothing.

5 But if any one of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all freely and reproaches not, and it shall be given to him:

6 but let him ask in faith, nothing doubting. For he that doubts is like a wave of the sea driven by the wind and tossed about;

7 for let not that man think that he shall receive anything from the Lord;

8 [he is] a double-minded man, unstable in all his ways.

9 But let the brother of low degree glory in his elevation,

10 and the rich in his humiliation, because as [the] grass's flower he will pass away.

11 For the sun has risen with its burning heat, and has withered the grass, and its flower has fallen, and the comeliness of its look has perished: thus the rich also shall wither in his goings.

12 Blessed [is the] man who endures temptation; for, having been proved, he shall receive the crown of life, which He has promised to them that love him.

13 Let no man, being tempted, say, I am tempted of God. For God cannot be tempted by evil things, and himself tempts no one.

14 But every one is tempted, drawn away, and enticed by his own lust;

15 then lust, having conceived, gives birth to sin; but sin fully completed brings forth death.

16 Do not err, my beloved brethren.

17 Every good gift and every perfect gift comes down from above, from the Father of lights, with whom is no variation nor shadow of turning.

18 According to his own will begat he us by the word of truth, that we should be a certain first-fruits of *his* creatures.

19 So that, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath;

20 for man's wrath does not work God's righteousness.

21 Wherefore, laying aside all filthiness and abounding of wickedness, accept with meekness the implanted word, which is able to save your souls.

22 But be ye doers of [the] word and not hearers only, beguiling yourselves.

23 For if any man be a hearer of [the] word and not a doer, *he* is like to a man considering his natural face in a mirror:

24 for he has considered himself and is gone away, and straightway he has forgotten what he was like.

25 But *he* that fixes his view on [the] perfect law, that of liberty, and abides in [it], being not a forgetful hearer but a doer of [the] work, *he* shall be blessed in his doing.

26 If any one think himself to be religious, not bridling his tongue, but deceiving his heart, this man's religion is vain.

27 Pure and undefiled religion before God and the Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their affliction, to keep oneself unspotted from the world.

James 2

1 My brethren, do not have the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, [Lord] of glory, with respect of persons:

2 for if there come unto your synagogue a man with a gold ring in splendid apparel, and a poor man also come in in vile apparel,

3 and ye look upon him who wears the splendid apparel, and say, Do thou sit here well, and say to the poor, Do thou stand there, or sit here under my footstool:

4 have ye not made a difference among yourselves, and become judges having evil thoughts?

5 Hear, my beloved brethren: Has not God chosen the poor as to the world, rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom, which he has promised to them that love him?

6 But *ye* have despised the poor [man]. Do not the rich oppress you, and [do not] *they* drag you before [the] tribunals?

7 And [do not] *they* blaspheme the excellent name which has been called upon you?

8 If indeed ye keep [the] royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well.

9 But if ye have respect of persons, ye commit sin, being convicted by the law as transgressors.

10 For whoever shall keep the whole law and shall offend in one [point], he has come under the guilt of [breaking] all.

11 For he who said, Thou shalt not commit adultery, said also, Thou shalt not kill. Now if thou dost not commit adultery, but killest, thou art become transgressor of [the] law.

12 So speak ye, and so act, as those that are to be judged by [the] law of liberty;

13 for judgment [will be] without mercy to him that has shewn no mercy. Mercy glories over judgment.

14 What [is] the profit, my brethren, if any one say he have faith, but have not works? can faith save him?

15 Now if a brother or a sister is naked and destitute of daily food,

16 and one from amongst you say to them, Go in peace, be warmed and filled; but give not to them the needful things for the body, what [is] the profit?

17 So also faith, if it have not works, is dead by itself.

18 But some one will say, *Thou* hast faith and *I* have works. Shew me thy faith without works, and *I* from my works will shew thee my faith.

19 *Thou* believest that God is one. Thou doest well. The demons even believe, and tremble.

20 But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?

21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar?

22 Thou seest that faith wrought with his works, and that by works faith was perfected.

23 And the scripture was fulfilled which says, Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness, and he was called Friend of God.

24 Ye see that a man is justified on the principle of works, and not on the principle of faith only.

25 But was not in like manner also Rahab the harlot justified on the principle of works, when she had received the messengers and put [them] forth by another way?

26 For as the body without a spirit is dead, so also faith without works is dead.

James 3

1 Be not many teachers, my brethren, knowing that we shall receive greater judgment.

2 For we all often offend. If any one offend not in word, *he* [is] a perfect man, able to bridle the whole body too.

3 Behold, we put the bits in the mouths of the horses, that they may obey us, and we turn round their whole bodies.

4 Behold also the ships, which are so great, and driven by violent winds, are turned about by a very small rudder, wherever the pleasure of the helmsman will.

5 Thus also the tongue is a little member, and boasts great things. See how little a fire, how large a wood it kindles!

6 and the tongue [is] fire, the world of unrighteousness; the tongue is set in our members, the defiler of the whole body, and which sets fire to the course of nature, and is set on fire of hell.

7 For every species both of beasts and of birds, both of creeping things and of sea animals, is tamed and has been tamed by the human species;

8 but the tongue can no one among men tame; [it is] an unsettled evil, full of death-bringing poison.

9 Therewith bless we the Lord and Father, and therewith curse we men made after [the] likeness of God.

10 Out of the same mouth goes forth blessing and cursing. It is not right, my brethren, that these things should be thus.

11 Does the fountain, out of the same opening, pour forth sweet and bitter?

12 Can, my brethren, a fig produce olives, or a vine figs? Neither [can] salt [water] make sweet water.

13 Who [is] wise and understanding among you; let him shew out of a good conversation his works in meekness of wisdom;

14 but if ye have bitter emulation and strife in your hearts, do not boast and lie against the truth.

15 This is not the wisdom which comes down from above, but earthly, natural, devilish.

16 For where emulation and strife [are], there [is] disorder and every evil thing.

17 But the wisdom from above first is pure, then peaceful, gentle, yielding, full of mercy and good fruits, unquestioning, unfeigned.

18 But [the] fruit of righteousness in peace is sown for them that make peace.

James 4

1 Whence [come] wars and whence fightings among you? [Is it] not thence, -- from your pleasures, which war in your members?

2 Ye lust and have not: ye kill and are full of envy, and cannot obtain; ye fight and war; ye have not because ye ask not.

3 Ye ask and receive not, because ye ask evilly, that ye may consume [it] in your pleasures.

4 Adulteresses, know ye not that friendship with the world is enmity with God? Whoever therefore is minded to be [the] friend of the world is constituted enemy of God.

5 Think ye that the scripture speaks in vain? Does the Spirit which has taken his abode in us desire enviously?

6 But he gives more grace. Wherefore he says, God sets himself against [the] proud, but gives grace to [the] lowly.

7 Subject yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.

8 Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse [your] hands, sinners, and purify [your] hearts, ye double-minded.

9 Be wretched, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and [your] joy to heaviness.

10 Humble yourselves before [the] Lord, and he shall exalt you.

11 Speak not against one another, brethren. He that speaks against [his] brother, or judges his brother, speaks against [the] law and judges [the] law. But if thou judgest [the] law, thou art not doer of [the] law, but judge.

12 One is the lawgiver and judge, who is able to save and to destroy: but who art *thou* who judgest thy neighbour?

13 Go to now, ye who say, To-day or to-morrow will we go into such a city and spend a year there, and traffic and make gain,

14 ye who do not know what will be on the morrow, ([for] what [is] your life? It is even a vapour, appearing for a little while, and then disappearing,)

15 instead of your saying, If the Lord should [so] will and we should live, we will also do this or that.

16 But now ye glory in your vauntings: all such glorying is evil.

17 To him therefore who knows how to do good, and does it not, to him it is sin.

James 5

1 Go to now, ye rich, weep, howling over your miseries that [are] coming upon [you].

2 Your wealth is become rotten, and your garments moth-eaten.

3 Your gold and silver is eaten away, and their canker shall be for a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as fire. Ye have heaped up treasure in [the] last days.

4 Behold, the wages of your labourers, who have harvested your fields, wrongfully kept back by you, cry, and the cries of those that have reaped are entered into the ears of [the] Lord of sabaoth.

5 Ye have lived luxuriously on the earth and indulged yourselves; ye have nourished your hearts [as] in a day of slaughter;

6 ye have condemned, ye have killed the just; he does not resist you.

7 Have patience, therefore, brethren, till the coming of the Lord. Behold, the labourer awaits the precious fruit of the earth, having patience for it until it receive [the] early and [the] latter rain.

8 *Ye* also have patience: stablish your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is drawn nigh.

9 Complain not one against another, brethren, that ye be not judged. Behold, the judge stands before the door.

10 Take [as] an example, brethren, of suffering and having patience, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of [the] Lord.

11 Behold, we call them blessed who have endured. Ye have heard of the endurance of Job, and seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is full of tender compassion and pitiful.

12 But before all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, nor by the earth, nor by any other oath; but let your yea be yea, and your nay, nay, that ye do not fall under judgment.

13 Does any one among you suffer evil? let him pray. Is any happy? let him sing psalms.

14 Is any sick among you? let him call to [him] the elders of the assembly, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of [the] Lord;

15 and the prayer of faith shall heal the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he be one who has committed sins, it shall be forgiven him.

16 Confess therefore your offences to one another, and pray for one another, that ye may be healed. [The] fervent supplication of the righteous [man] has much power.

17 Elias was a man of like passions to us, and he prayed with prayer that it should not rain; and it did not rain upon the earth three years and six months;

18 and again he prayed, and the heaven gave rain, and the earth caused its fruit to spring forth.

19 My brethren, if any one among you err from the truth, and one bring him back,

20 let him know that he that brings back a sinner from [the] error of his way shall save a soul from death and shall cover a multitude of sins.

King James Version

James 1

1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting.

2 My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations;

3 Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience.

4 But let patience have her perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing.

5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.

6 But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed.

7 For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord.

8 A double minded man is unstable in all his ways.

9 Let the brother of low degree rejoice in that he is exalted:

10 But the rich, in that he is made low: because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away.

11 For the sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it withereth the grass, and the flower thereof falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade away in his ways.

12 Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him.

13 Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man:

14 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed.

15 Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.

16 Do not err, my beloved brethren.

17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.

18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.

19 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath:

20 For the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God.

21 Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.

22 But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.

23 For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like unto a man beholding his natural face in a glass:

24 For he beholdeth himself, and goeth his way, and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was.

25 But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed.

26 If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, this man's religion is vain.

27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world.

James 2

1 My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory, with respect of persons.

2 For if there come unto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment;

3 And ye have respect to him that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, Sit thou here in a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou there, or sit here under my footstool:

4 Are ye not then partial in yourselves, and are become judges of evil thoughts?

5 Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?

6 But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?

7 Do not they blaspheme that worthy name by the which ye are called?

8 If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well:

9 But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors.

10 For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.

11 For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law.

12 So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty.

13 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment.

14 What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him?

15 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food,

16 And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what doth it profit?

17 Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone.

18 Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works.

19 Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble.

20 But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?

21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar?

22 Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect?

23 And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God.

24 Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.

25 Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent them out another way?

26 For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.

James 3

1 My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation.

2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body.

3 Behold, we put bits in the horses' mouths, that they may obey us; and we turn about their whole body.

4 Behold also the ships, which though they be so great, and are driven of fierce winds, yet are they turned about with a very small helm, whithersoever the governor listeth.

5 Even so the tongue is a little member, and boasteth great things. Behold, how great a matter a little fire kindleth!

6 And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell.

7 For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed of mankind:

8 But the tongue can no man tame; it is an unruly evil, full of deadly poison.

9 Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the similitude of God.

10 Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.

11 Doth a fountain send forth at the same place sweet water and bitter?

12 Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear olive berries? either a vine, figs? so can no fountain both yield salt water and fresh.

13 Who is a wise man and endued with knowledge among you? let him shew out of a good conversation his works with meekness of wisdom.

14 But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth.

15 This wisdom descendeth not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish.

16 For where envying and strife is, there is confusion and every evil work.

17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

18 And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace of them that make peace.

James 4

1 From whence come wars and fightings among you? come they not hence, even of your lusts that war in your members?

2 Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not.

3 Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume it upon your lusts.

4 Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.

5 Do ye think that the scripture saith in vain, The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy?

6 But he giveth more grace. Wherefore he saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble.

7 Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.

8 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse your hands, ye sinners; and purify your hearts, ye double minded.

9 Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness.

10 Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he shall lift you up.

11 Speak not evil one of another, brethren. He that speaketh evil of his brother, and judgeth his brother, speaketh evil of the law, and judgeth the law: but if thou judge the law, thou art not a doer of the law, but a judge.

12 There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy: who art thou that judgest another?

13 Go to now, ye that say, To day or to morrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain:

14 Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. For what is your life? It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away.

15 For that ye ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this, or that.

16 But now ye rejoice in your boastings: all such rejoicing is evil.

17 Therefore to him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin.

James 5

1 Go to now, ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you.

2 Your riches are corrupted, and your garments are motheaten.

3 Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have heaped treasure together for the last days.

4 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.

5 Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter.

6 Ye have condemned and killed the just; and he doth not resist you.

7 Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter rain.

8 Be ye also patient; stablish your hearts: for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh.

9 Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the judge standeth before the door.

10 Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience.

11 Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.

12 But above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and your nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation.

13 Is any among you afflicted? let him pray. Is any merry? let him sing psalms.

14 Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord:

15 And the prayer of faith shall save the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he have committed sins, they shall be forgiven him.

16 Confess your faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.

17 Elias was a man subject to like passions as we are, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain: and it rained not on the earth by the space of three years and six months.

18 And he prayed again, and the heaven gave rain, and the earth brought forth her fruit.

19 Brethren, if any of you do err from the truth, and one convert him;

20 Let him know, that he which converteth the sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins.

Latin Vulgate

James 1

1 Iacobus Dei et Domini nostri Iesu Christi servus duodecim tribubus quae sunt in dispersione salutem

2 omne gaudium existimate fratres mei cum in temptationibus variis incideritis

3 scientes quod probatio fidei vestrae patientiam operatur

4 patientia autem opus perfectum habeat ut sitis perfecti et integri in nullo deficientes

5 si quis autem vestrum indiget sapientiam postulet a Deo qui dat omnibus affluenter et non inproperat et dabitur ei

6 postulet autem in fide nihil haesitans qui enim haesitat similis est fluctui maris qui a vento movetur et circumfertur

7 non ergo aestimet homo ille quod accipiat aliquid a Domino

8 vir duplex animo inconstans in omnibus viis suis

9 glorietur autem frater humilis in exaltatione sua

10 dives autem in humilitate sua quoniam sicut flos faeni transibit

11 exortus est enim sol cum ardore et arefecit faenum et flos eius decidit et decor vultus eius deperiit ita et dives in itineribus suis marcescet

12 beatus vir qui suffert temptationem quia cum probatus fuerit accipiet coronam vitae quam repromisit Deus diligentibus se

13 nemo cum temptatur dicat quoniam a Deo temptor Deus enim intemptator malorum est ipse autem neminem temptat

14 unusquisque vero temptatur a concupiscentia sua abstractus et inlectus

15 dein concupiscentia cum conceperit parit peccatum peccatum vero cum consummatum fuerit generat mortem

16 nolite itaque errare fratres mei dilectissimi

17 omne datum optimum et omne donum perfectum desursum est descendens a Patre luminum apud quem non est transmutatio nec vicissitudinis obumbratio

18 voluntarie genuit nos verbo veritatis ut simus initium aliquod creaturae eius

19 scitis fratres mei dilecti sit autem omnis homo velox ad audiendum tardus autem ad loquendum et tardus ad iram

20 ira enim viri iustitiam Dei non operatur

21 propter quod abicientes omnem inmunditiam et abundantiam malitiae in mansuetudine suscipite insitum verbum quod potest salvare animas vestras

22 estote autem factores verbi et non auditores tantum fallentes vosmet ipsos

23 quia si quis auditor est verbi et non factor hic conparabitur viro consideranti vultum nativitatis suae in speculo

24 consideravit enim se et abiit et statim oblitus est qualis fuerit

25 qui autem perspexerit in lege perfecta libertatis et permanserit non auditor obliviosus factus sed factor operis hic beatus in facto suo erit

26 si quis autem putat se religiosum esse non refrenans linguam suam sed seducens cor suum huius vana est religio

27 religio munda et inmaculata apud Deum et Patrem haec est visitare pupillos et viduas in tribulatione eorum inmaculatum se custodire ab hoc saeculo

James 2

1 fratres mei nolite in personarum acceptione habere fidem Domini nostri Iesu Christi gloriae

2 etenim si introierit in conventu vestro vir aureum anulum habens in veste candida introierit autem et pauper in sordido habitu

3 et intendatis in eum qui indutus est veste praeclara et dixeritis tu sede hic bene pauperi autem dicatis tu sta illic aut sede sub scabillo pedum meorum

4 nonne iudicatis apud vosmet ipsos et facti estis iudices cogitationum iniquarum

5 audite fratres mei dilectissimi nonne Deus elegit pauperes in hoc mundo divites in fide et heredes regni quod repromisit Deus diligentibus se

6 vos autem exhonorastis pauperem nonne divites per potentiam opprimunt vos et ipsi trahunt vos ad iudicia

7 nonne ipsi blasphemant bonum nomen quod invocatum est super vos

8 si tamen legem perficitis regalem secundum scripturas diliges proximum tuum sicut te ipsum bene facitis

9 si autem personas accipitis peccatum operamini redarguti a lege quasi transgressores

10 quicumque autem totam legem servaverit offendat autem in uno factus est omnium reus

11 qui enim dixit non moechaberis dixit et non occides quod si non moechaberis occides autem factus es transgressor legis

12 sic loquimini et sic facite sicut per legem libertatis incipientes iudicari

13 iudicium enim sine misericordia illi qui non fecit misericordiam superexultat autem misericordia iudicio

14 quid proderit fratres mei si fidem quis dicat se habere opera autem non habeat numquid poterit fides salvare eum

15 si autem frater aut soror nudi sunt et indigent victu cotidiano

16 dicat autem aliquis de vobis illis ite in pace calefacimini et saturamini non dederitis autem eis quae necessaria sunt corporis quid proderit

17 sic et fides si non habeat opera mortua est in semet ipsam

18 sed dicet quis tu fidem habes et ego opera habeo ostende mihi fidem tuam sine operibus et ego ostendam tibi ex operibus fidem meam

19 tu credis quoniam unus est Deus bene facis et daemones credunt et contremescunt

20 vis autem scire o homo inanis quoniam fides sine operibus otiosa est

21 Abraham pater noster nonne ex operibus iustificatus est offerens Isaac filium suum super altare

22 vides quoniam fides cooperabatur operibus illius et ex operibus fides consummata est

23 et suppleta est scriptura dicens credidit Abraham Deo et reputatum est illi ad iustitiam et amicus Dei appellatus est

24 videtis quoniam ex operibus iustificatur homo et non ex fide tantum

25 similiter autem et Raab meretrix nonne ex operibus iustificata est suscipiens nuntios et alia via eiciens

26 sicut enim corpus sine spiritu emortuum est ita et fides sine operibus mortua est

James 3

1 nolite plures magistri fieri fratres mei scientes quoniam maius iudicium sumitis

2 in multis enim offendimus omnes si quis in verbo non offendit hic perfectus est vir potens etiam freno circumducere totum corpus

3 si autem equorum frenos in ora mittimus ad consentiendum nobis et omne corpus illorum circumferimus

4 ecce et naves cum magnae sint et a ventis validis minentur circumferuntur a modico gubernaculo ubi impetus dirigentis voluerit

5 ita et lingua modicum quidem membrum est et magna exultat ecce quantus ignis quam magnam silvam incendit

6 et lingua ignis est universitas iniquitatis lingua constituitur in membris nostris quae maculat totum corpus et inflammat rotam nativitatis nostrae inflammata a gehenna

7 omnis enim natura bestiarum et volucrum et serpentium etiam ceterorum domantur et domita sunt a natura humana

8 linguam autem nullus hominum domare potest inquietum malum plena veneno mortifero

9 in ipsa benedicimus Dominum et Patrem et in ipsa maledicimus homines qui ad similitudinem Dei facti sunt

10 ex ipso ore procedit benedictio et maledictio non oportet fratres mei haec ita fieri

11 numquid fons de eodem foramine emanat dulcem et amaram aquam

12 numquid potest fratres mei ficus olivas facere aut vitis ficus sic neque salsa dulcem potest facere aquam

13 quis sapiens et disciplinatus inter vos ostendat ex bona conversatione operationem suam in mansuetudine sapientiae

14 quod si zelum amarum habetis et contentiones in cordibus vestris nolite gloriari et mendaces esse adversus veritatem

15 non est ista sapientia desursum descendens sed terrena animalis diabolica

16 ubi enim zelus et contentio ibi inconstantia et omne opus pravum

17 quae autem desursum est sapientia primum quidem pudica est deinde pacifica modesta suadibilis plena misericordia et fructibus bonis non iudicans sine simulatione

18 fructus autem iustitiae in pace seminatur facientibus pacem

James 4

1 unde bella et lites in vobis nonne hinc ex concupiscentiis vestris quae militant in membris vestris

2 concupiscitis et non habetis occiditis et zelatis et non potestis adipisci litigatis et belligeratis non habetis propter quod non postulatis

3 petitis et non accipitis eo quod male petatis ut in concupiscentiis vestris insumatis

4 adulteri nescitis quia amicitia huius mundi inimica est Dei quicumque ergo voluerit amicus esse saeculi huius inimicus Dei constituitur

5 aut putatis quia inaniter scriptura dicat ad invidiam concupiscit Spiritus qui inhabitat in nobis

6 maiorem autem dat gratiam propter quod dicit Deus superbis resistit humilibus autem dat gratiam

7 subditi igitur estote Deo resistite autem diabolo et fugiet a vobis

8 adpropiate Domino et adpropinquabit vobis emundate manus peccatores et purificate corda duplices animo

9 miseri estote et lugete et plorate risus vester in luctum convertatur et gaudium in maerorem

10 humiliamini in conspectu Domini et exaltabit vos

11 nolite detrahere de alterutrum fratres qui detrahit fratri aut qui iudicat fratrem suum detrahit legi et iudicat legem si autem iudicas legem non es factor legis sed iudex

12 unus est legislator et iudex qui potest perdere et liberare tu autem quis es qui iudicas proximum

13 ecce nunc qui dicitis hodie aut crastino ibimus in illam civitatem et faciemus quidem ibi annum et mercabimur et lucrum faciemus

14 qui ignoratis quid erit in crastinum quae enim est vita vestra vapor est ad modicum parens deinceps exterminatur

15 pro eo ut dicatis si Dominus voluerit et vixerimus faciemus hoc aut illud

16 nunc autem exultatis in superbiis vestris omnis exultatio talis maligna est

17 scienti igitur bonum facere et non facienti peccatum est illi

James 5

1 age nunc divites plorate ululantes in miseriis quae advenient vobis

2 divitiae vestrae putrefactae sunt et vestimenta vestra a tineis comesta sunt

3 aurum et argentum vestrum eruginavit et erugo eorum in testimonium vobis erit et manducabit carnes vestras sicut ignis thesaurizastis in novissimis diebus

4 ecce merces operariorum qui messuerunt regiones vestras qui fraudatus est a vobis clamat et clamor ipsorum in aures Domini Sabaoth introiit

5 epulati estis super terram et in luxuriis enutristis corda vestra in die occisionis

6 addixistis occidistis iustum non resistit vobis

7 patientes igitur estote fratres usque ad adventum Domini ecce agricola expectat pretiosum fructum terrae patienter ferens donec accipiat temporivum et serotinum

8 patientes estote et vos confirmate corda vestra quoniam adventus Domini adpropinquavit

9 nolite ingemescere fratres in alterutrum ut non iudicemini ecce iudex ante ianuam adsistit

10 exemplum accipite fratres laboris et patientiae prophetas qui locuti sunt in nomine Domini

11 ecce beatificamus qui sustinuerunt sufferentiam Iob audistis et finem Domini vidistis quoniam misericors est Dominus et miserator

12 ante omnia autem fratres mei nolite iurare neque per caelum neque per terram neque aliud quodcumque iuramentum sit autem vestrum est est non non uti non sub iudicio decidatis

13 tristatur aliquis vestrum oret aequo animo est psallat

14 infirmatur quis in vobis inducat presbyteros ecclesiae et orent super eum unguentes eum oleo in nomine Domini

15 et oratio fidei salvabit infirmum et adlevabit eum Dominus et si in peccatis sit dimittentur ei

16 confitemini ergo alterutrum peccata vestra et orate pro invicem ut salvemini multum enim valet deprecatio iusti adsidua

17 Helias homo erat similis nobis passibilis et oratione oravit ut non plueret super terram et non pluit annos tres et menses sex

18 et rursum oravit et caelum dedit pluviam et terra dedit fructum suum

19 fratres mei si quis ex vobis erraverit a veritate et converterit quis eum

20 scire debet quoniam qui converti fecerit peccatorem ab errore viae suae salvabit animam eius a morte et operit multitudinem peccatorum

Moffatt NT

James 1

1 James, a servant of God and the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes in the Dispersion: greeting.

2 Greet it as pure joy, my brothers, when you come across any sort of trial,

3 sure that the sterling temper of your faith produces endurance;

4 only, let your endurance be a finished product, so that you may be finished and complete, with never a defect.

5 Whoever of you is defective in wisdom, let him ask God who gives to all men without question or reproach, and the gift will be his.

6 Only, let him ask in faith, with never a doubt; for the doubtful man is like surge of the sea whirled and swayed by the wind;

7 that man need not imagine he will get anything from God,

8 double-minded creature that he is, wavering at every turn.

9 Let a brother of low position exult when he is raised; but let one who is rich exult in being lowered;

10 for the rich will pass away like the flower of the grass --

11 up comes the sun with the scorching wind and withers the grass, its flower drops off, and the splendor of it is ruined; so shall the rich fade away amid their pursuits.

12 Blessed is he who endures under trial; for when he has stood the test, he will gain the crown of life which is promised to all who love Him.

13 Let no one who is tried by temptation say, 'My temptation comes from God'; God is incapable of being tempted by evil and he tempts no one.

14 Everyone is tempted as he is beguiled and allured by his own desire;

15 then Desire conceives and breeds Sin, while Sin matures and gives birth to Death.

16 Make no mistake about this, my beloved brothers:

17 all we are given is good, and all our endowments are faultless, descending from above, from the Father of the heavenly lights, who knows no change of rising and setting, who casts no shadow on the earth.

18 It was his own will that we should be born by the Word of the truth, to be a kind of firstfruits among his creatures.

19 Be sure of that, my beloved brothers. Let everyone be quick to listen, slow to talk, slow to be angry --

20 for human anger does not promote divine righteousness;

21 so clear away all the foul rank growth of malice, and make a soil of modesty for the Word which roots itself inwardly with power to save your souls.

22 Act on the Word, instead of merely listening to it and deluding yourselves.

23 For whoever listens and does nothing, is like a man who glances at his natural face in a mirror;

24 he glances at himself, goes off, and at once forgets what he was like.

25 Whereas he who gazes into the faultless law of freedom and remains in that position, proving himself to be no forgetful listener but an active agent, he will be blessed in his activity.

26 Whoever considers he is religious, and does not bridle his tongue, but deceives his own heart, his religion is futile.

27 Pure, unsoiled religion in the judgment of God the Father means this: to care for orphans and widows in their trouble, and to keep oneself from the stain of the world.

James 2

1 My brothers, as you believe in our Lord Jesus Christ, who is the Glory, pay no servile regard to people.

2 Suppose there comes into your meeting a man who wears gold rings and handsome clothes, and also a poor man in dirty clothes;

3 if you attend to the wearer of the handsome clothes and say to him, "Sit here, this is a good place," and tell the poor man, "You can stand," or "Sit there at my feet,"

4 are you not drawing distinctions in your own minds and proving that you judge people with partiality?

5 Listen, my beloved brothers; has not God chosen the poor of this world to be rich in faith and to inherit the realm which he has promised to those who love him?

6 Now you insult the poor. Is it not the rich who lord it over you and drag you to court?

7 Is it not they who scoff at the noble Name you bear?

8 If you really fulfill the royal law laid down by scripture, You must love your neighbor as yourself, well and good;

9 but if you pay servile regard to people, you commit a sin, and the Law convicts you of transgression.

10 For whoever obeys the whole of the Law and only makes a single slip, is guilty of everything.

11 He who said, Do not commit adultery, also said, Do not kill. Now if you do not commit adultery but if you kill, you have transgressed the Law.

12 Speak, act, as those who are to be judged by the law of freedom;

13 for the judgment will be merciless to the man who has shown no mercy -- whereas the merciful life will triumph in the face of judgment.

14 My brothers, what is the use of anyone declaring he has faith, if he has no deeds to show? Can his faith save him?

15 Suppose some brother or sister is ill-clad and short of daily food;

16 if any of you says to them, "Depart in peace! Get warm, get food," without supplying their bodily needs, what use is that?

17 So faith, unless it has deeds, is dead in itself.

18 Someone will object, 'And you claim to have faith!' Yes, and I claim to have deeds as well; you show me your faith without any deeds, and I will show you by my deeds what faith is!

19 You believe in one God? Well and good. So do the devils, and they shudder.

20 But will you understand, you senseless fellow, that faith without deeds is dead?

21 When our father Abraham offered his son Isaac on the altar, was he not justified by what he did?

22 In his case, you see, faith cooperated with deeds, faith was completed by deeds, and the scripture was fulfilled:

23 Abraham believed God, and this was counted to him as righteousness -- he was called God's friend.

24 You observe it is by what he does that a man is justified, not simply by what he believes.

25 So too with Rahab the harlot. Was she not justified by what she did, when she entertained the scouts and got them away by a different road?

26 For as the body without the breath of life is dead, so faith is dead without deeds.

James 3

1 My brothers, do not swell the ranks of the teachers; remember, we teachers will be judged with special strictness.

2 We all make many a slip, but whoever avoids slips of speech is a perfect man; he can bridle the whole of the body as well as the tongue.

3 We put bridles into the mouths of horses to make them obey us, and so, you see. we can move the whole of their bodies.

4 Look at ships, too; for all their size and speed under stiff winds, they are turned by a tiny rudder wherever the mind of the steersman chooses.

5 So the tongue is a small member of the body, but it can boast of great exploits. What a forest is set ablaze by a little spark of fire!

6 And the tongue is a fire, the tongue proves a very world of mischief among our members, staining the whole of the body and setting fire to the round circle of existence with a flame fed by hell.

7 For while every kind of beast and bird, of creeping animals and creatures marine, is tamable and has been tamed by mankind,

8 no man can tame the tongue -- plague of disorder that it is, full of deadly venom!

9 With the tongue we bless the Lord and Father, and with the tongue we curse men made in God's likeness;

10 blessing and cursing stream from the same lips! My brothers, this ought not to be.

11 Does a fountain pour out fresh water and brackish from the same hole?

12 Can a fig tree, my brothers, bear olives? Or a vine, figs? No more can salt water yield fresh.

13 Who among you is wise and learned? Let him show by his good conduct, with the modesty of wisdom, what his deeds are.

14 But if you are cherishing bitter jealousy and rivalry in your hearts, do not pride yourselves on that -- and be false to the truth.

15 That is not the wisdom which comes down from above, it is an earthly wisdom, sensuous, devilish;

16 for wherever jealousy and rivalry exist, there disorder reigns and every evil.

17 The wisdom from above is first of all pure, then peaceable, forbearing, conciliatory, full of mercy and wholesome fruit, unambiguous, straightforward;

18 and the peacemakers who sow in peace reap righteousness.

James 4

1 Where do conflicts, where do wrangles come from, in your midst? Is it not from these passions of yours that war among your members?

2 You crave, and miss what you want: you envy and covet, but you cannot acquire: you wrangle and fight -- you miss what you want because you do not ask God for it;

3 you do ask and you do not get it, because you ask with the wicked intention of spending it on your pleasures.

4 (Wanton creatures! do you not know that the world's friendship means enmity to God? Whoever, then, chooses to be the world's friend, turns enemy to God.

5 What, do you consider this is an idle word of scripture? -- 'He yearns jealously for the spirit he set within us.')

6 Yet he gives grace more and more thus it is said, The haughty God opposes, but to the humble he gives grace.

7 Well then, submit yourselves to God; resist the devil, and he will fly from you:

8 draw near to God, and be will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded.

9 Lament and mourn and weep, let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to depression;

10 humble yourselves before the Lord, and then he will raise you up. 11 12

11 Do not defame one another, brothers; he who defames or judges his brother defames and judges the Law; and if you judge the Law, you pass sentence on it instead of obeying it.

12 One alone is the legislator, who passes sentence; it is He who is able to save and to destroy; who are you, to judge your neighbor?

13 Come now, you who say, "Today or tomorrow we are going to such and such a city; we shall spend a year there trading and making money" --

14 you know nothing about tomorrow! For what is your life? You are but a mist, which appears for a little and then vanishes.

15 You ought rather to say, "If the Lord will, we shall live to do this or that."

16 But here you are, boasting in your proud pretensions! All such boasting is wicked.

17 (*)

James 5

1 Come now, you rich men, weep and shriek over your impending miseries! You have been storing up treasure in the very last days;

2 your wealth lies rotting, and your clothes are moth-eaten;

3 your gold and silver lie rusted over, and their rust will be evidence against you, it will devour your flesh like fire.

4 See, the wages of which you have defrauded the workmen who mowed your fields call out, and the cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord of Hosts.

5 You have revelled on earth and plunged into dissipation; you have fattened yourselves as for the Day of slaughter;

6 you have condemned, you have murdered the righteous -- unresisting.

7 Be patient, then, brothers, till the arrival of the Lord. See how the farmer waits for the precious crop of the land, biding his time patiently till he gets the autumn and the spring rains;

8 have patience yourselves, strengthen your hearts, for the arrival of the Lord is at hand.

9 Do not murmur against one another, brothers, lest you are judged; look, the Judge is standing at the very door!

10 As an example of fortitude and endurance, brothers, take the prophets who have spoken in the name of the Lord.

11 See, we call the steadfast happy; you have heard of the stedfastness of Job, and you have seen the end of the Lord with him, seen that the Lord is very compassionate and pitiful.

12 Above all, my brothers, never swear an oath, either by heaven or by earth or by anything else; let your "yes" be a plain "yes," your "no" a plain "no," lest you incur judgment.

13 Is anyone of you in trouble? let him pray. Is anyone thriving? let him sing praise.

14 Is anyone ill? let him summon the presbyters of the church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord;

15 the prayer of faith will restore the sick man, and the Lord will raise him up; even the sins he has committed will be forgiven him.

16 So confess your sins to one another and pray for one another, that you may be healed; the prayers of the righteous have a powerful effect.

17 Elijah was a man with a nature just like our own; but he offered prayer that it might not rain, and for three years and six months it did not rain;

18 then he prayed again, and the sky yielded rain, the earth brought forth its fruit.

19 My brothers, if anyone of you goes astray from the truth and some one brings him back,

20 understand that he who brings a sinner back from the error of his way saves his soul from death and hides a host of sins.

NASB 1977

James 1

1 James, a bond-servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes who are dispersed abroad, greetings.

2 Consider it all joy, my brethren, when you encounter various trials,

3 knowing that the testing of your faith produces endurance.

4 And let endurance have {its} perfect result, that you may be perfect and complete, lacking in nothing.

5 But if any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all men generously and without reproach, and it will be given to him.

6 But let him ask in faith without any doubting, for the one who doubts is like the surf of the sea driven and tossed by the wind.

7 For let not that man expect that he will receive anything from the Lord,

8 {being} a double-minded man, unstable in all his ways.

9 But let the brother of humble circumstances glory in his high position;

10 and {let} the rich man{ glory} in his humiliation, because like flowering grass he will pass away.

11 For the sun rises with a scorching wind, and withers the grass; and its flower falls off, and the beauty of its appearance is destroyed; so too the rich man in the midst of his pursuits will fade away.

12 Blessed is a man who perseveres under trial; for once he has been approved, he will receive the crown of life, which {the Lord} has promised to those who love Him.

13 Let no one say when he is tempted, ``I am being tempted by God"; for God cannot be tempted by evil, and He Himself does not tempt anyone.

14 But each one is tempted when he is carried away and enticed by his own lust.

15 Then when lust has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is accomplished, it brings forth death.

16 Do not be deceived, my beloved brethren.

17 Every good thing bestowed and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation, or shifting shadow.

18 In the exercise of His will He brought us forth by the word of truth, so that we might be, as it were, the first fruits among His creatures.

19 {This} you know, my beloved brethren. But let everyone be quick to hear, slow to speak {and} slow to anger;

20 for the anger of man does not achieve the righteousness of God.

21 Therefore putting aside all filthiness and {all} that remains of wickedness, in humility receive the word implanted, which is able to save your souls.

22 But prove yourselves doers of the word, and not merely hearers who delude themselves.

23 For if anyone is a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like a man who looks at his natural face in a mirror;

24 for {once} he has looked at himself and gone away, he has immediately forgotten what kind of person he was.

25 But one who looks intently at the perfect law, the {law} of liberty, and abides by it, not having become a forgetful hearer but an effectual doer, this man shall be blessed in what he does.

26 If anyone thinks himself to be religious, and yet does not bridle his tongue but deceives his {own} heart, this man's religion is worthless.

27 This is pure and undefiled religion in the sight of {our} God and Father, to visit orphans and widows in their distress, {and} to keep oneself unstained by the world.

James 2

1 My brethren, do not hold your faith in our glorious Lord Jesus Christ with {an attitude of} personal favoritism.

2 For if a man comes into your assembly with a gold ring and dressed in fine clothes, and there also comes in a poor man in dirty clothes,

3 and you pay special attention to the one who is wearing the fine clothes, and say, ``You sit here in a good place," and you say to the poor man, ``You stand over there, or sit down by my footstool,"

4 have you not made distinctions among yourselves, and become judges with evil motives?

5 Listen, my beloved brethren: did not God choose the poor of this world {to be} rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom which He promised to those who love Him?

6 But you have dishonored the poor man. Is it not the rich who oppress you and personally drag you into court?

7 Do they not blaspheme the fair name by which you have been called?

8 If, however, you are fulfilling the royal law, according to the Scripture, ``YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF," you are doing well.

9 But if you show partiality, you are committing sin {and} are convicted by the law as transgressors.

10 For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles in one {point,} he has become guilty of all.

11 For He who said, ``DO NOT COMMIT ADULTERY," also said, ``DO NOT COMMIT MURDER." Now if you do not commit adultery, but do commit murder, you have become a transgressor of the law.

12 So speak and so act, as those who are to be judged by {the} law of liberty.

13 For judgment {will be} merciless to one who has shown no mercy; mercy triumphs over judgment.

14 What use is it, my brethren, if a man says he has faith, but he has no works? Can that faith save him?

15 If a brother or sister is without clothing and in need of daily food,

16 and one of you says to them, ``Go in peace, be warmed and be filled," and yet you do not give them what is necessary for {their} body, what use is that?

17 Even so faith, if it has no works, is dead, {being} by itself.

18 But someone may {well} say, ``You have faith, and I have works; show me your faith without the works, and I will show you my faith by my works."

19 You believe that God is one. You do well; the demons also believe, and shudder.

20 But are you willing to recognize, you foolish fellow, that faith without works is useless?

21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he offered up Isaac his son on the altar?

22 You see that faith was working with his works, and as a result of the works, faith was perfected;

23 and the Scripture was fulfilled which says, ``AND ABRAHAM BELIEVED GOD, AND IT WAS RECKONED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS," and he was called the friend of God.

24 You see that a man is justified by works, and not by faith alone.

25 And in the same way was not Rahab the harlot also justified by works, when she received the messengers and sent them out by another way?

26 For just as the body without {the} spirit is dead, so also faith without works is dead.

James 3

1 Let not many {of you} become teachers, my brethren, knowing that as such we shall incur a stricter judgment.

2 For we all stumble in many {ways.} If anyone does not stumble in what he says, he is a perfect man, able to bridle the whole body as well.

3 Now if we put the bits into the horses' mouths so that they may obey us, we direct their entire body as well.

4 Behold, the ships also, though they are so great and are driven by strong winds, are still directed by a very small rudder, wherever the inclination of the pilot desires.

5 So also the tongue is a small part of the body, and {yet} it boasts of great things. Behold, how great a forest is set aflame by such a small fire!

6 And the tongue is a fire, the {very} world of iniquity; the tongue is set among our members as that which defiles the entire body, and sets on fire the course of {our} life, and is set on fire by hell.

7 For every species of beasts and birds, of reptiles and creatures of the sea, is tamed, and has been tamed by the human race.

8 But no one can tame the tongue; {it is} a restless evil {and} full of deadly poison.

9 With it we bless {our} Lord and Father; and with it we curse men, who have been made in the likeness of God;

10 from the same mouth come {both} blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not to be this way.

11 Does a fountain send out from the same opening {both} fresh and bitter {water?}

12 Can a fig tree, my brethren, produce olives, or a vine produce figs? Neither {can} salt water produce fresh.

13 Who among you is wise and understanding? Let him show by his good behavior his deeds in the gentleness of wisdom.

14 But if you have bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in your heart, do not be arrogant and {so} lie against the truth.

15 This wisdom is not that which comes down from above, but is earthly, natural, demonic.

16 For where jealousy and selfish ambition exist, there is disorder and every evil thing.

17 But the wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, reasonable, full of mercy and good fruits, unwavering, without hypocrisy.

18 And the seed whose fruit is righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace.

James 4

1 What is the source of quarrels and conflicts among you? Is not the source your pleasures that wage war in your members?

2 You lust and do not have; {so} you commit murder. And you are envious and cannot obtain; {so} you fight and quarrel. You do not have because you do not ask.

3 You ask and do not receive, because you ask with wrong motives, so that you may spend {it} on your pleasures.

4 You adulteresses, do you not know that friendship with the world is hostility toward God? Therefore whoever wishes to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God.

5 Or do you think that the Scripture speaks to no purpose: ``He jealously desires the Spirit which He has made to dwell in us"?

6 But He gives a greater grace. Therefore {it} says, ``GOD IS OPPOSED TO THE PROUD, BUT GIVES GRACE TO THE HUMBLE."

7 Submit therefore to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you.

8 Draw near to God and He will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners; and purify your hearts, you double-minded.

9 Be miserable and mourn and weep; let your laughter be turned into mourning, and your joy to gloom.

10 Humble yourselves in the presence of the Lord, and He will exalt you.

11 Do not speak against one another, brethren. He who speaks against a brother, or judges his brother, speaks against the law, and judges the law; but if you judge the law, you are not a doer of the law, but a judge {of it.}

12 There is {only} one Lawgiver and Judge, the One who is able to save and to destroy; but who are you who judge your neighbor?

13 Come now, you who say, ``Today or tomorrow, we shall go to such and such a city, and spend a year there and engage in business and make a profit."

14 Yet you do not know what your life will be like tomorrow. You are {just} a vapor that appears for a little while and then vanishes away.

15 Instead, {you ought} to say, ``If the Lord wills, we shall live and also do this or that."

16 But as it is, you boast in your arrogance; all such boasting is evil.

17 Therefore, to one who knows {the} right thing to do, and does not do it, to him it is sin.

James 5

1 Come now, you rich, weep and howl for your miseries which are coming upon you.

2 Your riches have rotted and your garments have become moth-eaten.

3 Your gold and your silver have rusted; and their rust will be a witness against you and will consume your flesh like fire. It is in the last days that you have stored up your treasure!

4 Behold, the pay of the laborers who mowed your fields, {and} which has been withheld by you, cries out {against you;} and the outcry of those who did the harvesting has reached the ears of the Lord of Sabaoth.

5 You have lived luxuriously on the earth and led a life of wanton pleasure; you have fattened your hearts in a day of slaughter.

6 You have condemned and put to death the righteous {man;} he does not resist you.

7 Be patient, therefore, brethren, until the coming of the Lord. Behold, the farmer waits for the precious produce of the soil, being patient about it, until it gets the early and late rains.

8 You too be patient; strengthen your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is at hand.

9 Do not complain, brethren, against one another, that you yourselves may not be judged; behold, the Judge is standing right at the door.

10 As an example, brethren, of suffering and patience, take the prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord.

11 Behold, we count those blessed who endured. You have heard of the endurance of Job and have seen the outcome of the Lord's dealings, that the Lord is full of compassion and {is} merciful.

12 But above all, my brethren, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or with any other oath; but let your yes be yes, and your no, no; so that you may not fall under judgment.

13 Is anyone among you suffering? Let him pray. Is anyone cheerful? Let him sing praises.

14 Is anyone among you sick? Let him call for the elders of the church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord;

15 and the prayer offered in faith will restore the one who is sick, and the Lord will raise him up, and if he has committed sins, they will be forgiven him.

16 Therefore, confess your sins to one another, and pray for one another, so that you may be healed. The effective prayer of a righteous man can accomplish much.

17 Elijah was a man with a nature like ours, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain; and it did not rain on the earth for three years and six months.

18 And he prayed again, and the sky poured rain, and the earth produced its fruit.

19 My brethren, if any among you strays from the truth, and one turns him back,

20 let him know that he who turns a sinner from the error of his way will save his soul from death, and will cover a multitude of sins.

NASB 1995

James 1

1 James, a bond-servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, To the twelve tribes who are dispersed abroad: Greetings.

2 Consider it all joy, my brethren, when you encounter various trials,

3 knowing that the testing of your faith produces endurance.

4 And let endurance have {its} perfect result, so that you may be perfect and complete, lacking in nothing.

5 But if any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all generously and without reproach, and it will be given to him.

6 But he must ask in faith without any doubting, for the one who doubts is like the surf of the sea, driven and tossed by the wind.

7 For that man ought not to expect that he will receive anything from the Lord,

8 {being} a double-minded man, unstable in all his ways.

9 But the brother of humble circumstances is to glory in his high position;

10 and the rich man {is to glory} in his humiliation, because like flowering grass he will pass away.

11 For the sun rises with a scorching wind and withers the grass; and its flower falls off and the beauty of its appearance is destroyed; so too the rich man in the midst of his pursuits will fade away.

12 Blessed is a man who perseveres under trial; for once he has been approved, he will receive the crown of life which {the Lord} has promised to those who love Him.

13 Let no one say when he is tempted, ``I am being tempted by God"; for God cannot be tempted by evil, and He Himself does not tempt anyone.

14 But each one is tempted when he is carried away and enticed by his own lust.

15 Then when lust has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is accomplished, it brings forth death.

16 Do not be deceived, my beloved brethren.

17 Every good thing given and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shifting shadow.

18 In the exercise of His will He brought us forth by the word of truth, so that we would be a kind of first fruits among His creatures.

19 {This} you know, my beloved brethren. But everyone must be quick to hear, slow to speak {and} slow to anger;

20 for the anger of man does not achieve the righteousness of God.

21 Therefore, putting aside all filthiness and {all} that remains of wickedness, in humility receive the word implanted, which is able to save your souls.

22 But prove yourselves doers of the word, and not merely hearers who delude themselves.

23 For if anyone is a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like a man who looks at his natural face in a mirror;

24 for {once} he has looked at himself and gone away, he has immediately forgotten what kind of person he was.

25 But one who looks intently at the perfect law, the {law} of liberty, and abides by it, not having become a forgetful hearer but an effectual doer, this man will be blessed in what he does.

26 If anyone thinks himself to be religious, and yet does not bridle his tongue but deceives his {own} heart, this man's religion is worthless.

27 Pure and undefiled religion in the sight of {our} God and Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their distress, {and} to keep oneself unstained by the world.

James 2

1 My brethren, do not hold your faith in our glorious Lord Jesus Christ with {an attitude of} personal favoritism.

2 For if a man comes into your assembly with a gold ring and dressed in fine clothes, and there also comes in a poor man in dirty clothes,

3 and you pay special attention to the one who is wearing the fine clothes, and say, ``You sit here in a good place," and you say to the poor man, ``You stand over there, or sit down by my footstool,"

4 have you not made distinctions among yourselves, and become judges with evil motives?

5 Listen, my beloved brethren: did not God choose the poor of this world {to be} rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom which He promised to those who love Him?

6 But you have dishonored the poor man. Is it not the rich who oppress you and personally drag you into court?

7 Do they not blaspheme the fair name by which you have been called?

8 If, however, you are fulfilling the royal law according to the Scripture, ``YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF," you are doing well.

9 But if you show partiality, you are committing sin {and} are convicted by the law as transgressors.

10 For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles in one {point,} he has become guilty of all.

11 For He who said, ``DO NOT COMMIT ADULTERY," also said, ``DO NOT COMMIT MURDER." Now if you do not commit adultery, but do commit murder, you have become a transgressor of the law.

12 So speak and so act as those who are to be judged by {the} law of liberty.

13 For judgment {will be} merciless to one who has shown no mercy; mercy triumphs over judgment.

14 What use is it, my brethren, if someone says he has faith but he has no works? Can that faith save him?

15 If a brother or sister is without clothing and in need of daily food,

16 and one of you says to them, ``Go in peace, be warmed and be filled," and yet you do not give them what is necessary for {their} body, what use is that?

17 Even so faith, if it has no works, is dead, {being} by itself.

18 But someone may {well} say, ``You have faith and I have works; show me your faith without the works, and I will show you my faith by my works."

19 You believe that God is one. You do well; the demons also believe, and shudder.

20 But are you willing to recognize, you foolish fellow, that faith without works is useless?

21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works when he offered up Isaac his son on the altar?

22 You see that faith was working with his works, and as a result of the works, faith was perfected;

23 and the Scripture was fulfilled which says, ``AND ABRAHAM BELIEVED GOD, AND IT WAS RECKONED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS," and he was called the friend of God.

24 You see that a man is justified by works and not by faith alone.

25 In the same way, was not Rahab the harlot also justified by works when she received the messengers and sent them out by another way?

26 For just as the body without {the} spirit is dead, so also faith without works is dead.

James 3

1 Let not many {of you} become teachers, my brethren, knowing that as such we will incur a stricter judgment.

2 For we all stumble in many {ways.} If anyone does not stumble in what he says, he is a perfect man, able to bridle the whole body as well.

3 Now if we put the bits into the horses' mouths so that they will obey us, we direct their entire body as well.

4 Look at the ships also, though they are so great and are driven by strong winds, are still directed by a very small rudder wherever the inclination of the pilot desires.

5 So also the tongue is a small part of the body, and {yet} it boasts of great things. See how great a forest is set aflame by such a small fire!

6 And the tongue is a fire, the {very} world of iniquity; the tongue is set among our members as that which defiles the entire body, and sets on fire the course of {our} life, and is set on fire by hell.

7 For every species of beasts and birds, of reptiles and creatures of the sea, is tamed and has been tamed by the human race.

8 But no one can tame the tongue; {it is} a restless evil {and} full of deadly poison.

9 With it we bless {our} Lord and Father, and with it we curse men, who have been made in the likeness of God;

10 from the same mouth come {both} blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not to be this way.

11 Does a fountain send out from the same opening {both} fresh and bitter {water?}

12 Can a fig tree, my brethren, produce olives, or a vine produce figs? Nor {can} salt water produce fresh.

13 Who among you is wise and understanding? Let him show by his good behavior his deeds in the gentleness of wisdom.

14 But if you have bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in your heart, do not be arrogant and {so} lie against the truth.

15 This wisdom is not that which comes down from above, but is earthly, natural, demonic.

16 For where jealousy and selfish ambition exist, there is disorder and every evil thing.

17 But the wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, reasonable, full of mercy and good fruits, unwavering, without hypocrisy.

18 And the seed whose fruit is righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace.

James 4

1 What is the source of quarrels and conflicts among you? Is not the source your pleasures that wage war in your members?

2 You lust and do not have; {so} you commit murder. You are envious and cannot obtain; {so} you fight and quarrel. You do not have because you do not ask.

3 You ask and do not receive, because you ask with wrong motives, so that you may spend {it} on your pleasures.

4 You adulteresses, do you not know that friendship with the world is hostility toward God? Therefore whoever wishes to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God.

5 Or do you think that the Scripture speaks to no purpose: ``He jealously desires the Spirit which He has made to dwell in us"?

6 But He gives a greater grace. Therefore {it} says, ``GOD IS OPPOSED TO THE PROUD, BUT GIVES GRACE TO THE HUMBLE."

7 Submit therefore to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you.

8 Draw near to God and He will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners; and purify your hearts, you double-minded.

9 Be miserable and mourn and weep; let your laughter be turned into mourning and your joy to gloom.

10 Humble yourselves in the presence of the Lord, and He will exalt you.

11 Do not speak against one another, brethren. He who speaks against a brother or judges his brother, speaks against the law and judges the law; but if you judge the law, you are not a doer of the law but a judge {of it.}

12 There is {only} one Lawgiver and Judge, the One who is able to save and to destroy; but who are you who judge your neighbor?

13 Come now, you who say, ``Today or tomorrow we will go to such and such a city, and spend a year there and engage in business and make a profit."

14 Yet you do not know what your life will be like tomorrow. You are {just} a vapor that appears for a little while and then vanishes away.

15 Instead, {you ought} to say, ``If the Lord wills, we will live and also do this or that."

16 But as it is, you boast in your arrogance; all such boasting is evil.

17 Therefore, to one who knows {the} right thing to do and does not do it, to him it is sin.

James 5

1 Come now, you rich, weep and howl for your miseries which are coming upon you.

2 Your riches have rotted and your garments have become moth-eaten.

3 Your gold and your silver have rusted; and their rust will be a witness against you and will consume your flesh like fire. It is in the last days that you have stored up your treasure!

4 Behold, the pay of the laborers who mowed your fields, {and} which has been withheld by you, cries out {against you;} and the outcry of those who did the harvesting has reached the ears of the Lord of Sabaoth.

5 You have lived luxuriously on the earth and led a life of wanton pleasure; you have fattened your hearts in a day of slaughter.

6 You have condemned and put to death the righteous {man;} he does not resist you.

7 Therefore be patient, brethren, until the coming of the Lord. The farmer waits for the precious produce of the soil, being patient about it, until it gets the early and late rains.

8 You too be patient; strengthen your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is near.

9 Do not complain, brethren, against one another, so that you yourselves may not be judged; behold, the Judge is standing right at the door.

10 As an example, brethren, of suffering and patience, take the prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord.

11 We count those blessed who endured. You have heard of the endurance of Job and have seen the outcome of the Lord's dealings, that the Lord is full of compassion and {is} merciful.

12 But above all, my brethren, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or with any other oath; but your yes is to be yes, and your no, no, so that you may not fall under judgment.

13 Is anyone among you suffering? {Then} he must pray. Is anyone cheerful? He is to sing praises.

14 Is anyone among you sick? {Then} he must call for the elders of the church and they are to pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord;

15 and the prayer offered in faith will restore the one who is sick, and the Lord will raise him up, and if he has committed sins, they will be forgiven him.

16 Therefore, confess your sins to one another, and pray for one another so that you may be healed. The effective prayer of a righteous man can accomplish much.

17 Elijah was a man with a nature like ours, and he prayed earnestly that it would not rain, and it did not rain on the earth for three years and six months.

18 Then he prayed again, and the sky poured rain and the earth produced its fruit.

19 My brethren, if any among you strays from the truth and one turns him back,

20 let him know that he who turns a sinner from the error of his way will save his soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins.

NET Bible

James 1

1 From James, a slave of God and the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes dispersed abroad. Greetings!

2 My brothers and sisters, consider it nothing but joy when you fall into all sorts of trials,

3 because you know that the testing of your faith produces endurance.

4 And let endurance have its perfect effect, so that you will be perfect and complete, not deficient in anything.

5 But if anyone is deficient in wisdom, he should ask God, who gives to all generously and without reprimand, and it will be given to him.

6 But he must ask in faith without doubting, for the one who doubts is like a wave of the sea, blown and tossed around by the wind.

7 For that person must not suppose that he will receive anything from the Lord,

8 since he is a double-minded individual, unstable in all his ways.

9 Now the believer of humble means should take pride in his high position.

10 But the rich person’s pride should be in his humiliation, because he will pass away like a wildflower in the meadow.

11 For the sun rises with its heat and dries up the meadow; the petal of the flower falls off and its beauty is lost forever. So also the rich person in the midst of his pursuits will wither away.

12 Happy is the one who endures testing, because when he has proven to be genuine, he will receive the crown of life that God promised to those who love him.

13 Let no one say when he is tempted, “I am tempted by God,” for God cannot be tempted by evil, and he himself tempts no one.

14 But each one is tempted when he is lured and enticed by his own desires.

15 Then when desire conceives, it gives birth to sin, and when sin is full grown, it gives birth to death.

16 Do not be led astray, my dear brothers and sisters.

17 All generous giving and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or the slightest hint of change.

18 By his sovereign plan he gave us birth through the message of truth, that we would be a kind of firstfruits of all he created.

19 Understand this, my dear brothers and sisters! Let every person be quick to listen, slow to speak, slow to anger.

20 For human anger does not accomplish God’s righteousness.

21 So put away all filth and evil excess and humbly welcome the message implanted within you, which is able to save your souls.

22 But be sure you live out the message and do not merely listen to it and so deceive yourselves.

23 For if someone merely listens to the message and does not live it out, he is like someone who gazes at his own face in a mirror.

24 For he gazes at himself and then goes out and immediately forgets what sort of person he was.

25 But the one who peers into the perfect law of liberty and fixes his attention there, and does not become a forgetful listener but one who lives it out – he will be blessed in what he does.

26 If someone thinks he is religious yet does not bridle his tongue, and so deceives his heart, his religion is futile.

27 Pure and undefiled religion before God the Father is this: to care for orphans and widows in their misfortune and to keep oneself unstained by the world.

James 2

1 My brothers and sisters, do not show prejudice if you possess faith in our glorious Lord Jesus Christ.

2 For if someone comes into your assembly wearing a gold ring and fine clothing, and a poor person enters in filthy clothes,

3 do you pay attention to the one who is finely dressed and say, “You sit here in a good place,” and to the poor person, “You stand over there,” or “Sit on the floor”?

4 If so, have you not made distinctions among yourselves and become judges with evil motives?

5 Listen, my dear brothers and sisters! Did not God choose the poor in the world to be rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom that he promised to those who love him?

6 But you have dishonored the poor! Are not the rich oppressing you and dragging you into the courts?

7 Do they not blaspheme the good name of the one you belong to?

8 But if you fulfill the royal law as expressed in this scripture, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself,” you are doing well.

9 But if you show prejudice, you are committing sin and are convicted by the law as violators.

10 For the one who obeys the whole law but fails in one point has become guilty of all of it.

11 For he who said, “Do not commit adultery,” also said, “Do not murder.” Now if you do not commit adultery but do commit murder, you have become a violator of the law.

12 Speak and act as those who will be judged by a law that gives freedom.

13 For judgment is merciless for the one who has shown no mercy. But mercy triumphs over judgment.

14 What good is it, my brothers and sisters, if someone claims to have faith but does not have works? Can this kind of faith save him?

15 If a brother or sister is poorly clothed and lacks daily food,

16 and one of you says to them, “Go in peace, keep warm and eat well,” but you do not give them what the body needs, what good is it?

17 So also faith, if it does not have works, is dead being by itself.

18 But someone will say, “You have faith and I have works.” Show me your faith without works and I will show you faith by my works.

19 You believe that God is one; well and good. Even the demons believe that – and tremble with fear.

20 But would you like evidence, you empty fellow, that faith without works is useless?

21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works when he offered Isaac his son on the altar?

22 You see that his faith was working together with his works and his faith was perfected by works.

23 And the scripture was fulfilled that says, “Now Abraham believed God and it was counted to him for righteousness,” and he was called God’s friend.

24 You see that a person is justified by works and not by faith alone.

25 And similarly, was not Rahab the prostitute also justified by works when she welcomed the messengers and sent them out by another way?

26 For just as the body without the spirit is dead, so also faith without works is dead.

James 3

1 Not many of you should become teachers, my brothers and sisters, because you know that we will be judged more strictly.

2 For we all stumble in many ways. If someone does not stumble in what he says, he is a perfect individual, able to control the entire body as well.

3 And if we put bits into the mouths of horses to get them to obey us, then we guide their entire bodies.

4 Look at ships too: Though they are so large and driven by harsh winds, they are steered by a tiny rudder wherever the pilot’s inclination directs.

5 So too the tongue is a small part of the body, yet it has great pretensions. Think how small a flame sets a huge forest ablaze.

6 And the tongue is a fire! The tongue represents the world of wrongdoing among the parts of our bodies. It pollutes the entire body and sets fire to the course of human existence – and is set on fire by hell.

7 For every kind of animal, bird, reptile, and sea creature is subdued and has been subdued by humankind.

8 But no human being can subdue the tongue; it is a restless evil, full of deadly poison.

9 With it we bless the Lord and Father, and with it we curse people made in God’s image.

10 From the same mouth come blessing and cursing. These things should not be so, my brothers and sisters.

11 A spring does not pour out fresh water and bitter water from the same opening, does it?

12 Can a fig tree produce olives, my brothers and sisters, or a vine produce figs? Neither can a salt water spring produce fresh water.

13 Who is wise and understanding among you? By his good conduct he should show his works done in the gentleness that wisdom brings.

14 But if you have bitter jealousy and selfishness in your hearts, do not boast and tell lies against the truth.

15 Such wisdom does not come from above but is earthly, natural, demonic.

16 For where there is jealousy and selfishness, there is disorder and every evil practice.

17 But the wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, accommodating, full of mercy and good fruit, impartial, and not hypocritical.

18 And the fruit that consists of righteousness is planted in peace among those who make peace.

James 4

1 Where do the conflicts and where do the quarrels among you come from? Is it not from this, from your passions that battle inside you?

2 You desire and you do not have; you murder and envy and you cannot obtain; you quarrel and fight. You do not have because you do not ask;

3 you ask and do not receive because you ask wrongly, so you can spend it on your passions.

4 Adulterers, do you not know that friendship with the world means hostility toward God? So whoever decides to be the world’s friend makes himself God’s enemy.

5 Or do you think the scripture means nothing when it says, “The spirit that God caused to live within us has an envious yearning”?

6 But he gives greater grace. Therefore it says, “God opposes the proud, but he gives grace to the humble.”

7 So submit to God. But resist the devil and he will flee from you.

8 Draw near to God and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners, and make your hearts pure, you double-minded.

9 Grieve, mourn, and weep. Turn your laughter into mourning and your joy into despair.

10 Humble yourselves before the Lord and he will exalt you.

11 Do not speak against one another, brothers and sisters. He who speaks against a fellow believer or judges a fellow believer speaks against the law and judges the law. But if you judge the law, you are not a doer of the law but its judge.

12 But there is only one who is lawgiver and judge – the one who is able to save and destroy. On the other hand, who are you to judge your neighbor?

13 Come now, you who say, “Today or tomorrow we will go into this or that town and spend a year there and do business and make a profit.”

14 You do not know about tomorrow. What is your life like? For you are a puff of smoke that appears for a short time and then vanishes.

15 You ought to say instead, “If the Lord is willing, then we will live and do this or that.”

16 But as it is, you boast in your arrogance. All such boasting is evil.

17 So whoever knows what is good to do and does not do it is guilty of sin.

James 5

1 Come now, you rich! Weep and cry aloud over the miseries that are coming on you.

2 Your riches have rotted and your clothing has become moth-eaten.

3 Your gold and silver have rusted and their rust will be a witness against you. It will consume your flesh like fire. It is in the last days that you have hoarded treasure!

4 Look, the pay you have held back from the workers who mowed your fields cries out against you, and the cries of the reapers have reached the ears of the Lord of hosts.

5 You have lived indulgently and luxuriously on the earth. You have fattened your hearts in a day of slaughter.

6 You have condemned and murdered the righteous person, although he does not resist you.

7 So be patient, brothers and sisters, until the Lord’s return. Think of how the farmer waits for the precious fruit of the ground and is patient for it until it receives the early and late rains.

8 You also be patient and strengthen your hearts, for the Lord’s return is near.

9 Do not grumble against one another, brothers and sisters, so that you may not be judged. See, the judge stands before the gates!

10 As an example of suffering and patience, brothers and sisters, take the prophets who spoke in the Lord’s name.

11 Think of how we regard as blessed those who have endured. You have heard of Job’s endurance and you have seen the Lord’s purpose, that the Lord is full of compassion and mercy.

12 And above all, my brothers and sisters, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or by any other oath. But let your “Yes” be yes and your “No” be no, so that you may not fall into judgment.

13 Is anyone among you suffering? He should pray. Is anyone in good spirits? He should sing praises.

14 Is anyone among you ill? He should summon the elders of the church, and they should pray for him and anoint him with oil in the name of the Lord.

15 And the prayer of faith will save the one who is sick and the Lord will raise him up – and if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven.

16 So confess your sins to one another and pray for one another so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous person has great effectiveness.

17 Elijah was a human being like us, and he prayed earnestly that it would not rain and there was no rain on the land for three years and six months!

18 Then he prayed again, and the sky gave rain and the land sprouted with a harvest.

19 My brothers and sisters, if anyone among you wanders from the truth and someone turns him back,

20 he should know that the one who turns a sinner back from his wandering path will save that person’s soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins.

New International Version

James 1

1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, To the twelve tribes scattered among the nations: Greetings.

2 Consider it pure joy, my brothers, whenever you face trials of many kinds,

3 because you know that the testing of your faith develops perseverance.

4 Perseverance must finish its work so that you may be mature and complete, not lacking anything.

5 If any of you lacks wisdom, he should ask God, who gives generously to all without finding fault, and it will be given to him.

6 But when he asks, he must believe and not doubt, because he who doubts is like a wave of the sea, blown and tossed by the wind.

7 That man should not think he will receive anything from the Lord;

8 he is a double-minded man, unstable in all he does.

9 The brother in humble circumstances ought to take pride in his high position.

10 But the one who is rich should take pride in his low position, because he will pass away like a wild flower.

11 For the sun rises with scorching heat and withers the plant; its blossom falls and its beauty is destroyed. In the same way, the rich man will fade away even while he goes about his business.

12 Blessed is the man who perseveres under trial, because when he has stood the test, he will receive the crown of life that God has promised to those who love him.

13 When tempted, no one should say, "God is tempting me." For God cannot be tempted by evil, nor does he tempt anyone;

14 but each one is tempted when, by his own evil desire, he is dragged away and enticed.

15 Then, after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is full-grown, gives birth to death.

16 Don't be deceived, my dear brothers.

17 Every good and perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of the heavenly lights, who does not change like shifting shadows.

18 He chose to give us birth through the word of truth, that we might be a kind of firstfruits of all he created.

19 My dear brothers, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry,

20 for man's anger does not bring about the righteous life that God desires.

21 Therefore, get rid of all moral filth and the evil that is so prevalent and humbly accept the word planted in you, which can save you.

22 Do not merely listen to the word, and so deceive yourselves. Do what it says.

23 Anyone who listens to the word but does not do what it says is like a man who looks at his face in a mirror

24 and, after looking at himself, goes away and immediately forgets what he looks like.

25 But the man who looks intently into the perfect law that gives freedom, and continues to do this, not forgetting what he has heard, but doing it--he will be blessed in what he does.

26 If anyone considers himself religious and yet does not keep a tight rein on his tongue, he deceives himself and his religion is worthless.

27 Religion that God our Father accepts as pure and faultless is this: to look after orphans and widows in their distress and to keep oneself from being polluted by the world.

James 2

1 My brothers, as believers in our glorious Lord Jesus Christ, don't show favoritism.

2 Suppose a man comes into your meeting wearing a gold ring and fine clothes, and a poor man in shabby clothes also comes in.

3 If you show special attention to the man wearing fine clothes and say, "Here's a good seat for you," but say to the poor man, "You stand there" or "Sit on the floor by my feet,"

4 have you not discriminated among yourselves and become judges with evil thoughts?

5 Listen, my dear brothers: Has not God chosen those who are poor in the eyes of the world to be rich in faith and to inherit the kingdom he promised those who love him?

6 But you have insulted the poor. Is it not the rich who are exploiting you? Are they not the ones who are dragging you into court?

7 Are they not the ones who are slandering the noble name of him to whom you belong?

8 If you really keep the royal law found in Scripture, "Love your neighbor as yourself," you are doing right.

9 But if you show favoritism, you sin and are convicted by the law as lawbreakers.

10 For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point is guilty of breaking all of it.

11 For he who said, "Do not commit adultery," also said, "Do not murder." If you do not commit adultery but do commit murder, you have become a lawbreaker.

12 Speak and act as those who are going to be judged by the law that gives freedom,

13 because judgment without mercy will be shown to anyone who has not been merciful. Mercy triumphs over judgment!

14 What good is it, my brothers, if a man claims to have faith but has no deeds? Can such faith save him?

15 Suppose a brother or sister is without clothes and daily food.

16 If one of you says to him, "Go, I wish you well; keep warm and well fed," but does nothing about his physical needs, what good is it?

17 In the same way, faith by itself, if it is not accompanied by action, is dead.

18 But someone will say, "You have faith; I have deeds." Show me your faith without deeds, and I will show you my faith by what I do.

19 You believe that there is one God. Good! Even the demons believe that--and shudder.

20 You foolish man, do you want evidence that faith without deeds is useless ?

21 Was not our ancestor Abraham considered righteous for what he did when he offered his son Isaac on the altar?

22 You see that his faith and his actions were working together, and his faith was made complete by what he did.

23 And the scripture was fulfilled that says, "Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness," and he was called God's friend.

24 You see that a person is justified by what he does and not by faith alone.

25 In the same way, was not even Rahab the prostitute considered righteous for what she did when she gave lodging to the spies and sent them off in a different direction?

26 As the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without deeds is dead.

James 3

1 Not many of you should presume to be teachers, my brothers, because you know that we who teach will be judged more strictly.

2 We all stumble in many ways. If anyone is never at fault in what he says, he is a perfect man, able to keep his whole body in check.

3 When we put bits into the mouths of horses to make them obey us, we can turn the whole animal.

4 Or take ships as an example. Although they are so large and are driven by strong winds, they are steered by a very small rudder wherever the pilot wants to go.

5 Likewise the tongue is a small part of the body, but it makes great boasts. Consider what a great forest is set on fire by a small spark.

6 The tongue also is a fire, a world of evil among the parts of the body. It corrupts the whole person, sets the whole course of his life on fire, and is itself set on fire by hell.

7 All kinds of animals, birds, reptiles and creatures of the sea are being tamed and have been tamed by man,

8 but no man can tame the tongue. It is a restless evil, full of deadly poison.

9 With the tongue we praise our Lord and Father, and with it we curse men, who have been made in God's likeness.

10 Out of the same mouth come praise and cursing. My brothers, this should not be.

11 Can both fresh water and salt water flow from the same spring?

12 My brothers, can a fig tree bear olives, or a grapevine bear figs? Neither can a salt spring produce fresh water.

13 Who is wise and understanding among you? Let him show it by his good life, by deeds done in the humility that comes from wisdom.

14 But if you harbor bitter envy and selfish ambition in your hearts, do not boast about it or deny the truth.

15 Such "wisdom" does not come down from heaven but is earthly, unspiritual, of the devil.

16 For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice.

17 But the wisdom that comes from heaven is first of all pure; then peace-loving, considerate, submissive, full of mercy and good fruit, impartial and sincere.

18 Peacemakers who sow in peace raise a harvest of righteousness.

James 4

1 What causes fights and quarrels among you? Don't they come from your desires that battle within you?

2 You want something but don't get it. You kill and covet, but you cannot have what you want. You quarrel and fight. You do not have, because you do not ask God.

3 When you ask, you do not receive, because you ask with wrong motives, that you may spend what you get on your pleasures.

4 You adulterous people, don't you know that friendship with the world is hatred toward God? Anyone who chooses to be a friend of the world becomes an enemy of God.

5 Or do you think Scripture says without reason that the spirit he caused to live in us envies intensely?

6 But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says: "God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble."

7 Submit yourselves, then, to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.

8 Come near to God and he will come near to you. Wash your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded.

9 Grieve, mourn and wail. Change your laughter to mourning and your joy to gloom.

10 Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will lift you up.

11 Brothers, do not slander one another. Anyone who speaks against his brother or judges him speaks against the law and judges it. When you judge the law, you are not keeping it, but sitting in judgment on it.

12 There is only one Lawgiver and Judge, the one who is able to save and destroy. But you--who are you to judge your neighbor?

13 Now listen, you who say, "Today or tomorrow we will go to this or that city, spend a year there, carry on business and make money."

14 Why, you do not even know what will happen tomorrow. What is your life? You are a mist that appears for a little while and then vanishes.

15 Instead, you ought to say, "If it is the Lord's will, we will live and do this or that."

16 As it is, you boast and brag. All such boasting is evil.

17 Anyone, then, who knows the good he ought to do and doesn't do it, sins.

James 5

1 Now listen, you rich people, weep and wail because of the misery that is coming upon you.

2 Your wealth has rotted, and moths have eaten your clothes.

3 Your gold and silver are corroded. Their corrosion will testify against you and eat your flesh like fire. You have hoarded wealth in the last days.

4 Look! The wages you failed to pay the workmen who mowed your fields are crying out against you. The cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord Almighty.

5 You have lived on earth in luxury and self-indulgence. You have fattened yourselves in the day of slaughter.

6 You have condemned and murdered innocent men, who were not opposing you.

7 Be patient, then, brothers, until the Lord's coming. See how the farmer waits for the land to yield its valuable crop and how patient he is for the autumn and spring rains.

8 You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord's coming is near.

9 Don't grumble against each other, brothers, or you will be judged. The Judge is standing at the door!

10 Brothers, as an example of patience in the face of suffering, take the prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord.

11 As you know, we consider blessed those who have persevered. You have heard of Job's perseverance and have seen what the Lord finally brought about. The Lord is full of compassion and mercy.

12 Above all, my brothers, do not swear--not by heaven or by earth or by anything else. Let your "Yes" be yes, and your "No," no, or you will be condemned.

13 Is any one of you in trouble? He should pray. Is anyone happy? Let him sing songs of praise.

14 Is any one of you sick? He should call the elders of the church to pray over him and anoint him with oil in the name of the Lord.

15 And the prayer offered in faith will make the sick person well; the Lord will raise him up. If he has sinned, he will be forgiven.

16 Therefore confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous man is powerful and effective.

17 Elijah was a man just like us. He prayed earnestly that it would not rain, and it did not rain on the land for three and a half years.

18 Again he prayed, and the heavens gave rain, and the earth produced its crops.

19 My brothers, if one of you should wander from the truth and someone should bring him back,

20 remember this: Whoever turns a sinner from the error of his way will save him from death and cover over a multitude of sins.

Original Greek

James 1

1 ¶Iakoobos Theou kai Kuriou Ieesou Christou doulos tais doodeka fulais tais en tee diaspora chairein.

2 ¶Pasan charan heegeesasthe, adelfoi mou, hotan peirasmois peripeseete poikilois,

3 ginooskontes hoti to dokimion humoon tees pisteoos katergazetai hupomoneen.

4 Hee de hupomonee ergon teleion echetoo, hina eete teleioi kai holokleeroi en meedeni leipomenoi.

5 Ei de tis humoon leipetai sofias, aiteitoo para tou didontos Theou pasin haploos kai mee oneidizontos, kai dotheesetai autoo.

6 Aiteitoo de en pistei meeden diakrinomenos, ho gar diakrinomenos eoiken kludooni thalassees anemizomenoo kai ripizomenoo.

7 Mee gar oiesthoo ho anthroopos ekeinos hoti leempsetai ti para tou Kuriou,

8 aneer dipsuchos, akatastatos en pasais tais hodois autou.

9 ¶Kauchasthoo de ho adelfos ho tapeinos en too hupsei autou,

10 ho de plousios en tee tapeinoosei autou, hoti hoos anthos chortou pareleusetai.

11 Aneteilen gar ho heelios sun too kausooni kai exeeranen ton chorton kai to anthos autou exepesen kai hee euprepeia tou prosoopou autou apooleto, houtoos kai ho plousios en tais poreiais autou marantheesetai.

12 ¶Makarios aneer hos hupomenei peirasmon, hoti dokimos genomenos leempsetai ton Stefanon tees Zooees hon epeengeilato (*) tois agapoosin auton.

13 Meedeis peirazomenos legetoo hoti "Apo Theou peirazomai," ho gar Theos apeirastos estin kakoon, peirazei de autos oudena.

14 Hekastos de peirazetai hupo tees idias epithumias exelkomenos kai deleazomenos,

15 eita hee epithumia sullabousa tiktei hamartian, hee de hamartia apotelestheisa apokuei thanaton.

16 Mee planasthe, adelfoi mou agapeetoi!

17 ¶Pasa dosis agathee kai pan dooreema teleion anoothen estin katabainon apo tou Patros toon Footoon, par hoo ouk eni parallagee ee tropees aposkiasma.

18 Bouleetheis apekueesen heemas logoo aleetheias eis to einai heemas aparcheen tina toon autou ktismatoon.

19 ¶Iste, (*) adelfoi mou agapeetoi, estoo de pas anthroopos tachus eis to akousai, bradus eis to laleesai, bradus eis orgeen,

20 orgee gar andros dikaiosuneen Theou ouk ergazetai.

21 Dio apothemenoi pasan ruparian kai perisseian kakias en prauteeti, dexasthe ton emfuton logon ton dunamenon soosai tas psuchas humoon.

22 ¶Ginesthe de poieetai logou kai mee monon akroatai paralogizomenoi heautous.

23 Hoti ei-tis akroatees logou estin kai ou poieetees, houtos eoiken andri katanoounti to prosoopon tees geneseoos autou en esoptroo,

24 katenoeesen gar heauton kai apeleeluthen kai eutheoos epelatheto hopoios een.

25 Ho de parakupsas eis nomon teleion ton tees eleutherias kai parameinas, (*) ouk akroatees epileesmonees genomenos alla poieetees ergou, houtos makarios en tee poieesei autou estai.

26 ¶Ei-tis dokei threeskos einai (*) mee chalinagoogoon gloossan autou alla apatoon kardian autou, toutou mataios hee threeskeia.

27 Threeskeia kathara kai amiantos para too Theoo kai Patri hautee estin, episkeptesthai orfanous kai cheeras en tee thlipsei autoon, aspilon heauton teerein apo tou kosmou.

James 2

1 ¶Adelfoi mou, mee en prosoopoleempsiais echete teen pistin tou Kuriou heemoon Ieesou Christou tees doxees.

2 Ean gar eiselthee eis sunagoogeen humoon aneer chrusodaktulios en estheeti lampra, eiselthee de kai ptoochos en rupara estheeti,

3 epiblepseete de epi ton forounta teen estheeta teen lampran kai eipeete, (*) "Su kathou hoode kaloos," kai too ptoochoo eipeete, "Su steethi ekei!" ee "Kathou (*) hupo to hupopodion mou!",

4 ou diekritheete en heautois kai egenesthe kritai dialogismoon poneeroon?

5 ¶Akousate, adelfoi mou agapeetoi, ouch ho Theos exelexato tous ptoochous too kosmoo (*) plousious en pistei kai kleeronomous tees basileias hees epeengeilato tois agapoosin auton?

6 Humeis de eetimasate ton ptoochon. Ouch hoi plousioi katadunasteuousin humoon kai autoi helkousin humas eis kriteeria?

7 Ouk autoi blasfeemousin to kalon onoma to epikleethen ef humas?

8 ¶Ei mentoi nomon teleite basilikon kata teen grafeen, "Agapeeseis ton pleesion sou hoos seauton," kaloos poieite.

9 Ei de prosoopoleempteite hamartian ergazesthe elengchomenoi hupo tou nomou hoos parabatai.

10 Hostis gar holon ton nomon teereesee (*) ptaisee de en heni, gegonen pantoon enochos.

11 Ho gar eipoon, "Mee moicheusees," eipen kai, "Mee foneusees." Ei de ou moicheueis foneueis de, gegonas parabatees nomou.

12 Houtoos laleite kai houtoos poieite hoos dia nomou eleutherias mellontes krinesthai.

13 Hee gar krisis aneleos too mee poieesanti eleos, (*) katakauchatai eleos kriseoos.

14 ¶Ti to ofelos, adelfoi mou, ean pistin legee tis echein erga de mee echee? Mee dunatai hee pistis soosai auton?

15 Ean adelfos ee adelfee gumnoi huparchoosin kai leipomenoi (*) tees efeemerou trofees

16 eipee de tis autois ex humoon, "Hupagete en eireenee, thermainesthe kai chortazesthe," mee doote de autois ta epiteedeia tou soomatos, ti to ofelos?

17 Houtoos kai hee pistis, ean-mee echee erga, nekra estin kath heauteen.

18 ¶All erei tis, "Su pistin echeis, kagoo erga echoo." Deixon moi teen pistin sou chooris (*) toon ergoon (*), kagoo soi deixoo ek toon ergoon mou teen pistin (*).

19 Su pisteueis hoti heis estin ho Theos. Kaloos poieis. Kai ta daimonia pisteuousin kai frissousin.

20 Theleis de gnoonai, oo anthroope kene, hoti hee pistis chooris toon ergoon argee (*) estin?

21 Abraam ho pateer heemoon ouk ex ergoon edikaioothee anenengkas Isaak ton huion autou epi to thusiasteerion?

22 Blepeis hoti hee pistis suneergei tois ergois autou kai ek toon ergoon hee pistis eteleioothee.

23 ¶Kai epleeroothee hee grafee hee legousa, "Episteusen de Abraam too Theoo, kai elogisthee autoo eis dikaiosuneen." Kai filos Theou ekleethee.

24 Horate (*) hoti ex ergoon dikaioutai anthroopos kai ouk ek pisteoos monon.

25 ¶Homoioos de kai Raab hee pornee ouk ex ergoon edikaioothee hupodexamenee tous angelous kai hetera hodoo ekbalousa?

26 ¶Hoosper gar to sooma chooris pneumatos nekron estin, houtoos kai hee pistis chooris ergoon nekra estin.

James 3

1 ¶Mee polloi didaskaloi ginesthe, adelfoi mou, eidotes hoti meizon krima leempsometha.

2 Polla gar ptaiomen hapantes. Ei-tis en logoo ou ptaiei, houtos teleios aneer dunatos chalinagoogeesai kai holon to sooma.

3 Ei de (*) toon hippoon tous chalinous eis ta stomata ballomen eis to peithesthai autous heemin, kai holon to sooma autoon metagomen.

4 Idou kai ta ploia teelikauta onta kai hupo anemoon skleeroon elaunomena, metagetai hupo elachistou peedaliou hopou hee hormee tou euthunontos bouletai,

5 houtoos kai hee gloossa mikron melos estin kai megala auchei. ¶Idou (*) heelikon pur heelikeen huleen anaptei,

6 kai hee gloossa pur, ho kosmos tees adikias (*) hee gloossa kathistatai en tois melesin heemoon, hee spilousa holon to sooma kai flogizousa ton trochon tees geneseoos kai flogizomenee hupo tees Geennees.

7 Pasa gar fusis theerioon te kai peteinoon, herpetoon te kai enalioon damazetai kai dedamastai tee fusei tee anthroopinee,

8 teen de gloossan oudeis damasai dunatai anthroopoon, akatastaton kakon, mestee iou thanateeforou.

9 En autee eulogoumen ton Kurion (*) kai Patera kai en autee kataroometha tous anthroopous tous kath homoioosin Theou gegonotas,

10 ek tou autou stomatos exerchetai eulogia kai katara. Ou chree, adelfoi mou, tauta houtoos ginesthai.

11 Meeti hee peegee ek tees autees opees bruei to gluku kai to pikron?

12 Mee dunatai, adelfoi mou, sukee elaias poieesai ee ampelos suka? Oute halukon gluku poieesai hudoor.

13 ¶Tis sofos kai episteemoon en humin? Deixatoo ek tees kalees anastrofees ta erga autou en prauteeti sofias.

14 Ei de zeelon pikron echete kai eritheian en tee kardia humoon, mee katakauchasthe kai pseudesthe kata tees aleetheias.

15 Ouk estin hautee hee "sofia" anoothen katerchomenee alla epigeios, psuchikee, daimonioodees.

16 Hopou gar zeelos kai eritheia, ekei akatastasia kai pan faulon pragma.

17 Hee de anoothen sofia prooton men hagnee estin, epeita eireenikee, epieikees eupeithees, mestee eleous kai karpoon agathoon, adiakritos, (*) anupokritos.

18 Karpos de dikaiosunees en eireenee speiretai tois poiousin eireeneen.

James 4

1 ¶Pothen polemoi kai pothen machai en humin? Ouk enteuthen, ek toon heedonoon humoon toon strateuomenoon en tois melesin humoon?

2 Epithumeite kai ouk echete, foneuete kai zeeloute kai ou dunasthe epituchein, machesthe kai polemeite. Ouk echete dia to mee aiteisthai humas,

3 aiteite kai ou lambanete dioti kakoos aiteisthe, hina en tais heedonais humoon dapaneeseete.

4 (*) Moichalides, ouk oidate hoti hee filia tou kosmou echthra tou Theou estin? Hos ean oun bouleethee filos einai tou kosmou, echthros tou Theou kathistatai.

5 Ee dokeite hoti kenoos hee grafee legei, "Pros fthonon epipothei to pneuma ho katookisen en heemin,"

6 meizona de didoosin charin? Dio legei, "Ho Theos hupereefanois antitassetai, tapeinois de didoosin charin."

7 Hupotageete oun too Theoo. Antisteete de too diaboloo kai feuxetai af humoon.

8 Engisate too Theoo kai engiei humin. Katharisate cheiras, hamartooloi, kai hagnisate kardias, dipsuchoi.

9 Talaipooreesate kai pentheesate kai klausate. Ho geloos humoon eis penthos metatrapeetoo kai hee chara eis kateefeian.

10 Tapeinootheete enoopion (*) Kuriou kai hupsoosei humas.

11 ¶Mee katalaleite alleeloon, adelfoi. Ho katalaloon adelfou ee krinoon ton adelfon autou katalalei nomou kai krinei nomon. Ei de nomon krineis, ouk ei poieetees nomou alla kritees.

12 Heis estin ho Nomothetees kai Kritees (*) ho dunamenos soosai kai apolesai. Su de tis ei ho krinoon ton pleesion (*)?

13 ¶Age nun hoi legontes, "Seemeron ee aurion poreusometha eis teende teen polin kai poieesomen ekei eniauton (*) kai emporeusometha kai kerdeesomen,"

14 hoitines ouk epistasthe to tees aurion poia hee zooee humoon, atmis gar este (*) hee pros oligon fainomenee, epeita kai afanizomenee.

15 Anti tou legein humas, "Ean ho Kurios theleesee kai zeesomen kai poieesomen touto ee ekeino."

16 Nun de kauchasthe en tais alazoneiais humoon, pasa kaucheesis toiautee poneera estin.

17 Eidoti oun kalon poiein kai mee poiounti, hamartia autoo estin.

James 5

1 ¶Age nun hoi plousioi, klausate ololuzontes epi tais talaipooriais humoon tais eperchomenais.

2 Ho ploutos humoon seseepen kai ta himatia humoon seetobroota gegonen,

3 ho chrusos humoon kai ho arguros katiootai kai ho ios autoon eis marturion humin estai kai fagetai tas sarkas humoon hoos pur. Etheesaurisate en eschatais heemerais.

4 Idou ho misthos toon ergatoon toon ameesantoon tas chooras humoon ho apestereemenos af humoon krazei, kai hai boai toon therisantoon eis ta oota Kuriou Sabaooth eiseleeluthasin.

5 Etrufeesate epi tees gees kai espataleesate. Ethrepsate tas kardias humoon (*) en heemera sfagees.

6 Katedikasate, efoneusate ton dikaion; ouk antitassetai humin.

7 ¶Makrothumeesate oun, adelfoi, heoos tees parousias tou Kuriou. Idou ho geoorgos ekdechetai ton timion karpon tees gees makrothumoon ep autoo heoos labee proimon kai opsimon.

8 Makrothumeesate kai humeis, steerixate tas kardias humoon, hoti hee parousia tou Kuriou eengiken.

9 ¶Mee stenazete, adelfoi, -- kat alleeloon hina-mee kritheete. Idou ho Kritees pro toon thuroon hesteeken.

10 hupodeigma labete, adelfoi (*), tees kakopatheias kai tees makrothumias tous profeetas hoi elaleesan en too onomati Kuriou.

11 Idou makarizomen tous hupomeinantas, teen hupomoneen Ioob eekousate kai to telos Kuriou eidete, hoti polusplangchnos estin ho Kurios kai oiktirmoon.

12 ¶Pro pantoon de, adelfoi mou, mee omnuete meete ton ouranon meete teen geen meete allon tina horkon, eetoo de humoon to nai nai kai to ou ou, hina-mee hupo krisin (*) peseete.

13 ¶Kakopathei tis en humin, proseuchesthoo. Euthumei tis, psalletoo.

14 Asthenei tis en humin, proskalesasthoo tous presbuterous tees ekkleesias, kai proseuxasthoosan ep auton aleipsantes auton (*) elaioo en too onomati tou Kuriou.

15 Kai hee euchee tees pisteoos soosei ton kamnonta kai egerei auton ho Kurios, kan hamartias ee pepoieekoos, afetheesetai autoo.

16 Exomologeisthe oun (*) alleelois tas hamartias kai euchesthe huper alleeloon hopoos iatheete. Polu ischuei deeesis dikaiou energoumenee.

17 Eelias anthroopos een homoiopathees heemin, kai proseuchee proseeuxato tou mee brexai, kai ouk ebrexen epi tees gees eniautous treis kai meenas hex.

18 Kai palin proseeuxato, kai ho ouranos hueton edooken kai hee gee eblasteesen ton karpon autees.

19 ¶Adelfoi mou (*), ean tis en humin planeethee apo tees aleetheias kai epistrepsee tis auton,

20 ginoosketoo hoti ho epistrepsas hamartoolon ek planees hodou autou soosei psucheen autou (*) ek thanatou kai kalupsei pleethos hamartioon.

Revised Standard Version

James 1

1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, To the twelve tribes in the Dispersion: Greeting.

2 Count it all joy, my brethren, when you meet various trials,

3 for you know that the testing of your faith produces steadfastness.

4 And let steadfastness have its full effect, that you may be perfect and complete, lacking in nothing.

5 If any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask God, who gives to all men generously and without reproaching, and it will be given him.

6 But let him ask in faith, with no doubting, for he who doubts is like a wave of the sea that is driven and tossed by the wind.

7 For that person must not suppose that a double-minded man, unstable in all his ways, will receive anything from the Lord.

8 9

10 and the rich in his humiliation, because like the flower of the grass he will pass away.

11 For the sun rises with its scorching heat and withers the grass; its flower falls, and its beauty perishes. So will the rich man fade away in the midst of his pursuits.

12 Blessed is the man who endures trial, for when he has stood the test he will receive the crown of life which God has promised to those who love him.

13 Let no one say when he is tempted, "I am tempted by God"; for God cannot be tempted with evil and he himself tempts no one;

14 but each person is tempted when he is lured and enticed by his own desire.

15 Then desire when it has conceived gives birth to sin; and sin when it is full-grown brings forth death.

16 Do not be deceived, my beloved brethren.

17 Every good endowment and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights with whom there is no variation or shadow due to change.

18 Of his own will he brought us forth by the word of truth that we should be a kind of first fruits of his creatures.

19 Know this, my beloved brethren. Let every man be quick to hear, slow to speak, slow to anger,

20 for the anger of man does not work the righteousness of God.

21 Therefore put away all filthiness and rank growth of wickedness and receive with meekness the implanted word, which is able to save your souls.

22 But be doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves.

23 For if any one is a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like a man who observes his natural face in a mirror;

24 for he observes himself and goes away and at once forgets what he was like.

25 But he who looks into the perfect law, the law of liberty, and perseveres, being no hearer that forgets but a doer that acts, he shall be blessed in his doing.

26 If any one thinks he is religious, and does not bridle his tongue but deceives his heart, this man's religion is vain.

27 Religion that is pure and undefiled before God and the Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their affliction, and to keep oneself unstained from the world.

James 2

1 My brethren, show no partiality as you hold the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory.

2 For if a man with gold rings and in fine clothing comes into your assembly, and a poor man in shabby clothing also comes in,

3 and you pay attention to the one who wears the fine clothing and say, "Have a seat here, please," while you say to the poor man, "Stand there," or, "Sit at my feet,"

4 have you not made distinctions among yourselves, and become judges with evil thoughts?

5 Listen, my beloved brethren. Has not God chosen those who are poor in the world to be rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom which he has promised to those who love him?

6 But you have dishonored the poor man. Is it not the rich who oppress you, is it not they who drag you into court?

7 Is it not they who blaspheme that honorable name which was invoked over you?

8 If you really fulfil the royal law, according to the scripture, "You shall love your neighbor as yourself," you do well.

9 But if you show partiality, you commit sin, and are convicted by the law as transgressors.

10 For whoever keeps the whole law but fails in one point has become guilty of all of it.

11 For he who said, "Do not commit adultery," said also, "Do not kill." If you do not commit adultery but do kill, you have become a transgressor of the law.

12 So speak and so act as those who are to be judged under the law of liberty.

13 For judgment is without mercy to one who has shown no mercy; yet mercy triumphs over judgment.

14 What does it profit, my brethren, if a man says he has faith but has not works? Can his faith save him?

15 If a brother or sister is ill-clad and in lack of daily food,

16 and one of you says to them, "Go in peace, be warmed and filled," without giving them the things needed for the body, what does it profit?

17 So faith by itself, if it has no works, is dead.

18 But some one will say, "You have faith and I have works." Show me your faith apart from your works, and I by my works will show you my faith.

19 You believe that God is one; you do well. Even the demons believe--and shudder.

20 Do you want to be shown, you shallow man, that faith apart from works is barren?

21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he offered his son Isaac upon the altar?

22 You see that faith was active along with his works, and faith was completed by works,

23 and the scripture was fulfilled which says, "Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness"; and he was called the friend of God.

24 You see that a man is justified by works and not by faith alone.

25 And in the same way was not also Rahab the harlot justified by works when she received the messengers and sent them out another way?

26 For as the body apart from the spirit is dead, so faith apart from works is dead.

James 3

1 Let not many of you become teachers, my brethren, for you know that we who teach shall be judged with greater strictness.

2 For we all make many mistakes, and if any one makes no mistakes in what he says he is a perfect man, able to bridle the whole body also.

3 If we put bits into the mouths of horses that they may obey us, we guide their whole bodies.

4 Look at the ships also; though they are so great and are driven by strong winds, they are guided by a very small rudder wherever the will of the pilot directs.

5 So the tongue is a little member and boasts of great things. How great a forest is set ablaze by a small fire!

6 And the tongue is a fire. The tongue is an unrighteous world among our members, staining the whole body, setting on fire the cycle of nature, and set on fire by hell.

7 For every kind of beast and bird, of reptile and sea creature, can be tamed and has been tamed by humankind,

8 but no human being can tame the tongue--a restless evil, full of deadly poison.

9 With it we bless the Lord and Father, and with it we curse men, who are made in the likeness of God.

10 From the same mouth come blessing and cursing. My brethren, this ought not to be so.

11 Does a spring pour forth from the same opening fresh water and brackish?

12 Can a fig tree, my brethren, yield olives, or a grapevine figs? No more can salt water yield fresh.

13 Who is wise and understanding among you? By his good life let him show his works in the meekness of wisdom.

14 But if you have bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in your hearts, do not boast and be false to the truth.

15 This wisdom is not such as comes down from above, but is earthly, unspiritual, devilish.

16 For where jealousy and selfish ambition exist, there will be disorder and every vile practice.

17 But the wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, open to reason, full of mercy and good fruits, without uncertainty or insincerity.

18 And the harvest of righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace.

James 4

1 What causes wars, and what causes fightings among you? Is it not your passions that are at war in your members?

2 You desire and do not have; so you kill. And you covet and cannot obtain; so you fight and wage war. You do not have, because you do not ask.

3 You ask and do not receive, because you ask wrongly, to spend it on your passions.

4 Unfaithful creatures! Do you not know that friendship with the world is enmity with God? Therefore whoever wishes to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God.

5 Or do you suppose it is in vain that the scripture says, "He yearns jealously over the spirit which he has made to dwell in us"?

6 But he gives more grace; therefore it says, "God opposes the proud, but gives grace to the humble."

7 Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you.

8 Draw near to God and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you men of double mind.

9 Be wretched and mourn and weep. Let your laughter be turned to mourning and your joy to dejection.

10 Humble yourselves before the Lord and he will exalt you.

11 Do not speak evil against one another, brethren. He that speaks evil against a brother or judges his brother, speaks evil against the law and judges the law. But if you judge the law, you are not a doer of the law but a judge.

12 There is one lawgiver and judge, he who is able to save and to destroy. But who are you that you judge your neighbor?

13 Come now, you who say, "Today or tomorrow we will go into such and such a town and spend a year there and trade and get gain";

14 whereas you do not know about tomorrow. What is your life? For you are a mist that appears for a little time and then vanishes.

15 Instead you ought to say, "If the Lord wills, we shall live and we shall do this or that."

16 As it is, you boast in your arrogance. All such boasting is evil.

17 Whoever knows what is right to do and fails to do it, for him it is sin.

James 5

1 Come now, you rich, weep and howl for the miseries that are coming upon you.

2 Your riches have rotted and your garments are moth-eaten.

3 Your gold and silver have rusted, and their rust will be evidence against you and will eat your flesh like fire. You have laid up treasure for the last days.

4 Behold, the wages of the laborers who mowed your fields, which you kept back by fraud, cry out; and the cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord of hosts.

5 You have lived on the earth in luxury and in pleasure; you have fattened your hearts in a day of slaughter.

6 You have condemned, you have killed the righteous man; he does not resist you.

7 Be patient, therefore, brethren, until the coming of the Lord. Behold, the farmer waits for the precious fruit of the earth, being patient over it until it receives the early and the late rain.

8 You also be patient. Establish your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is at hand.

9 Do not grumble, brethren, against one another, that you may not be judged; behold, the Judge is standing at the doors.

10 As an example of suffering and patience, brethren, take the prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord.

11 Behold, we call those happy who were steadfast. You have heard of the steadfastness of Job, and you have seen the purpose of the Lord, how the Lord is compassionate and merciful.

12 But above all, my brethren, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or with any other oath, but let your yes be yes and your no be no, that you may not fall under condemnation.

13 Is any one among you suffering? Let him pray. Is any cheerful? Let him sing praise.

14 Is any among you sick? Let him call for the elders of the church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord;

15 and the prayer of faith will save the sick man, and the Lord will raise him up; and if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven.

16 Therefore confess your sins to one another, and pray for one another, that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous man has great power in its effects.

17 Elijah was a man of like nature with ourselves and he prayed fervently that it might not rain, and for three years and six months it did not rain on the earth.

18 Then he prayed again and the heaven gave rain, and the earth brought forth its fruit.

19 My brethren, if any one among you wanders from the truth and some one brings him back,

20 let him know that whoever brings back a sinner from the error of his way will save his soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins.

Spanish LBLA

James 1

1 Santiago, siervo de Dios y del Senor Jesucristo: A las doce tribus que est·n en la dispersiÛn: Saludos.

2 Tened por sumo gozo, hermanos mÌos, el que {os} hallÈis en diversas pruebas,

3 sabiendo que la prueba de vuestra fe produce paciencia,

4 y que la paciencia tenga {su} perfecto resultado, para que se·is perfectos y completos, sin que {os} falte nada.

5 Pero si alguno de vosotros se ve falto de sabidurÌa, que {la} pida a Dios, el cual da a todos abundantemente y sin reproche, y le ser· dada.

6 Pero que pida con fe, sin dudar; porque el que duda es semejante a la ola del mar, impulsada por el viento y echada de una parte a otra.

7 No piense, pues, ese hombre, que recibir· cosa alguna del Senor,

8 {siendo} hombre de doble ·nimo, inestable en todos sus caminos.

9 Pero que el hermano de condiciÛn humilde se glorÌe en su alta posiciÛn,

10 y el rico en su humillaciÛn, pues Èl pasar· como la flor de la hierba.

11 Porque el sol sale con calor abrasador y seca la hierba, y su flor se cae y la hermosura de su apariencia perece; asÌ tambiÈn se marchitar· el rico en medio de sus empresas.

12 Bienaventurado el hombre que persevera bajo la prueba, porque una vez que ha sido aprobado, recibir· la corona de la vida que {el Senor} ha prometido a los que le aman.

13 Que nadie diga cuando es tentado: Soy tentado por Dios; porque Dios no puede ser tentado por el mal y El mismo no tienta a nadie.

14 Sino que cada uno es tentado cuando es llevado y seducido por su propia pasiÛn.

15 DespuÈs, cuando la pasiÛn ha concebido, da a luz el pecado; y cuando el pecado es consumado, engendra la muerte.

16 Amados hermanos mÌos, no os enganÈis.

17 Toda buena d·diva y todo don perfecto viene de lo alto, desciende del Padre de las luces, con el cual no hay cambio ni sombra de variaciÛn.

18 En el ejercicio de su voluntad, El nos hizo nacer por la palabra de verdad, para que fuÈramos las primicias de sus criaturas.

19 {Esto} sabÈis, mis amados hermanos. Pero que cada uno sea pronto para oÌr, tardo para hablar, tardo para la ira;

20 pues la ira del hombre no obra la justicia de Dios.

21 Por lo cual, desechando toda inmundicia y {todo} resto de malicia, recibid con humildad la palabra implantada, que es poderosa para salvar vuestras almas.

22 Sed hacedores de la palabra y no solamente oidores que se enganan a sÌ mismos.

23 Porque si alguno es oidor de la palabra, y no hacedor, es semejante a un hombre que mira su rostro natural en un espejo;

24 pues despuÈs de mirarse a sÌ mismo e irse, inmediatamente se olvida de quÈ clase de persona es.

25 Pero el que mira atentamente a la ley perfecta, la {ley} de la libertad, y permanece {en ella,} no habiÈndose vuelto un oidor olvidadizo sino un hacedor eficaz, Èste ser· bienaventurado en lo que hace.

26 Si alguno se cree religioso, pero no refrena su lengua, sino que engana a su {propio} corazÛn, la religiÛn del tal es vana.

27 La religiÛn pura y sin m·cula delante de {nuestro} Dios y Padre es Èsta: visitar a los huÈrfanos y a las viudas en sus aflicciones, {y} guardarse sin mancha del mundo.

James 2

1 Hermanos mÌos, no teng·is vuestra fe en nuestro glorioso Senor Jesucristo con {una actitud} de favoritismo.

2 Porque si en vuestra congregaciÛn entra un hombre con anillo de oro y vestido de ropa lujosa, y tambiÈn entra un pobre con ropa sucia,

3 y dais atenciÛn especial al que lleva la ropa lujosa, y decÌs: T? siÈntate aquÌ, en un buen lugar; y al pobre decÌs: T? estate allÌ de pie, o siÈntate junto a mi estrado;

4 øno habÈis hecho distinciones entre vosotros mismos, y habÈis venido a ser jueces con malos pensamientos?

5 Hermanos mÌos amados, escuchad: øNo escogiÛ Dios a los pobres de este mundo {para ser} ricos en fe y herederos del reino que El prometiÛ a los que le aman?

6 Pero vosotros habÈis menospreciado al pobre. øNo son los ricos los que os oprimen y personalmente os arrastran a los tribunales?

7 øNo blasfeman ellos el buen nombre por el cual habÈis sido llamados?

8 Si en verdad cumplÌs la ley real conforme a la Escritura: AMARAS A TU PROJIMO COMO A TI MISMO, bien hacÈis.

9 Pero si mostr·is favoritismo, cometÈis pecado {y} sois hallados culpables por la ley como transgresores.

10 Porque cualquiera que guarda toda la ley, pero tropieza en un {punto,} se ha hecho culpable de todos.

11 Pues el que dijo: NO COMETAS ADULTERIO, tambiÈn dijo: NO MATES. Ahora bien, si t? no cometes adulterio, pero matas, te has convertido en transgresor de la ley.

12 AsÌ hablad y asÌ proceded, como los que han de ser juzgados por {la} ley de la libertad.

13 Porque el juicio {ser·} sin misericordia para el que no ha mostrado misericordia; la misericordia triunfa sobre el juicio.

14 øDe quÈ sirve, hermanos mÌos, si alguno dice que tiene fe, pero no tiene obras? øAcaso puede esa fe salvarlo?

15 Si un hermano o una hermana no tienen ropa y carecen del sustento diario,

16 y uno de vosotros les dice: Id en paz, calentaos y saciaos, pero no les dais lo necesario para {su} cuerpo, øde quÈ sirve?

17 AsÌ tambiÈn la fe por sÌ misma, si no tiene obras, est· muerta.

18 Pero alguno dir·: T? tienes fe y yo tengo obras. MuÈstrame tu fe sin las obras, y yo te mostrarÈ mi fe por mis obras.

19 T? crees que Dios es uno. Haces bien; tambiÈn los demonios creen, y tiemblan.

20 Pero, øest·s dispuesto a admitir, oh hombre vano, que la fe sin obras es estÈril?

21 øNo fue justificado por las obras Abraham nuestro padre cuando ofreciÛ a Isaac su hijo sobre el altar?

22 Ya ves que la fe actuaba juntamente con sus obras, y como resultado de las obras, la fe fue perfeccionada;

23 y se cumpliÛ la Escritura que dice: Y ABRAHAM CREYO A DIOS Y LE FUE CONTADO POR JUSTICIA, y fue llamado amigo de Dios.

24 Vosotros veis que el hombre es justificado por {las} obras y no sÛlo por {la} fe.

25 Y de la misma manera, øno fue la ramera Rahab tambiÈn justificada por {las} obras cuando recibiÛ a los mensajeros y los enviÛ por otro camino?

26 Porque asÌ como el cuerpo sin {el} espÌritu est· muerto, asÌ tambiÈn la fe sin {las} obras est· muerta.

James 3

1 Hermanos mÌos, no os hag·is maestros muchos {de vosotros}, sabiendo que recibiremos un juicio m·s severo.

2 Porque todos tropezamos de muchas maneras. Si alguno no tropieza en lo que dice, es un hombre perfecto, capaz tambiÈn de refrenar todo el cuerpo.

3 Ahora bien, si ponemos el freno en la boca de los caballos para que nos obedezcan, dirigimos tambiÈn todo su cuerpo.

4 Mirad tambiÈn las naves; aunque son tan grandes e impulsadas por fuertes vientos, son, sin embargo, dirigidas mediante un timÛn muy pequeno por donde la voluntad del piloto quiere.

5 AsÌ tambiÈn la lengua es un miembro pequeno, y {sin embargo,} se jacta de grandes cosas. Mirad, °quÈ gran bosque se incendia con tan pequeno fuego!

6 Y la lengua es un fuego, un mundo de iniquidad. La lengua est· puesta entre nuestros miembros, la cual contamina todo el cuerpo, es encendida por el infierno e inflama el curso de {nuestra} vida.

7 Porque todo gÈnero de fieras y de aves, de reptiles y de {animales} marinos, se puede domar y ha sido domado por el gÈnero humano,

8 pero ning?n hombre puede domar la lengua; {es} un mal turbulento {y} lleno de veneno mortal.

9 Con ella bendecimos a {nuestro} Senor y Padre, y con ella maldecimos a los hombres, que han sido hechos a la imagen de Dios;

10 de la misma boca proceden bendiciÛn y maldiciÛn. Hermanos mÌos, esto no debe ser asÌ.

11 øAcaso una fuente por la misma abertura echa {agua} dulce y amarga?

12 øAcaso, hermanos mÌos, puede una higuera producir aceitunas, o una vid higos? Tampoco {la fuente de agua} salada {puede} producir agua dulce.

13 øQuiÈn es sabio y entendido entre vosotros? Que muestre por su buena conducta sus obras en mansedumbre de sabidurÌa.

14 Pero si tenÈis celos amargos y ambiciÛn personal en vuestro corazÛn, no se·is arrogantes y {asÌ} mint·is contra la verdad.

15 Esta sabidurÌa no es la que viene de lo alto, sino que es terrenal, natural, diabÛlica.

16 Porque donde hay celos y ambiciÛn personal, allÌ hay confusiÛn y toda cosa mala.

17 Pero la sabidurÌa de lo alto es primeramente pura, despuÈs pacÌfica, amable, condescendiente, llena de misericordia y de buenos frutos, sin vacilaciÛn, sin hipocresÌa.

18 Y la semilla cuyo fruto es la justicia se siembra en paz por aquellos que hacen la paz.

James 4

1 øDe dÛnde {vienen} las guerras y los conflictos entre vosotros? øNo vienen de vuestras pasiones que combaten en vuestros miembros?

2 Codici·is y no tenÈis, {por eso} cometÈis homicidio. Sois envidiosos y no podÈis obtener, {por eso} combatÌs y hacÈis guerra. No tenÈis, porque no pedÌs.

3 PedÌs y no recibÌs, porque pedÌs con malos propÛsitos, para gastar{lo} en vuestros placeres.

4 °{Oh almas} ad?lteras! øNo sabÈis que la amistad del mundo es enemistad hacia Dios? Por tanto, el que quiere ser amigo del mundo, se constituye enemigo de Dios.

5 øO pens·is que la Escritura dice en vano: El celosamente anhela el EspÌritu que ha hecho morar en nosotros?

6 Pero El da mayor gracia. Por eso dice: DIOS RESISTE A LOS SOBERBIOS PERO DA GRACIA A LOS HUMILDES.

7 Por tanto, someteos a Dios. Resistid, pues, al diablo y huir· de vosotros.

8 Acercaos a Dios, y El se acercar· a vosotros. Limpiad vuestras manos, pecadores; y vosotros de doble ·nimo, purificad vuestros corazones.

9 AfligÌos, lamentad y llorad; que vuestra risa se torne en llanto y vuestro gozo en tristeza.

10 Humillaos en la presencia del Senor y El os exaltar·.

11 Hermanos, no hablÈis mal los unos de los otros. El que habla mal de un hermano o juzga a su hermano, habla mal de la ley y juzga a la ley; pero si t? juzgas a la ley, no eres cumplidor de la ley, sino juez {de ella.}

12 {SÛlo} hay un dador de la ley y juez, que es poderoso para salvar y para destruir; pero t?, øquiÈn eres que juzgas a tu prÛjimo?

13 OÌd ahora, los que decÌs: Hoy o manana iremos a tal o cual ciudad y pasaremos all· un ano, haremos negocio y tendremos ganancia.

14 Sin embargo, no sabÈis cÛmo ser· vuestra vida manana. {SÛlo} sois un vapor que aparece por un poco de tiempo y luego se desvanece.

15 M·s bien, {debierais} decir: Si el Senor quiere, viviremos y haremos esto o aquello.

16 Pero ahora os jact·is en vuestra arrogancia; toda jactancia semejante es mala.

17 A aquel, pues, que sabe hacer {lo} bueno y no lo hace, le es pecado.

James 5

1 °OÌd ahora, ricos! Llorad y aullad por las miserias que vienen sobre vosotros.

2 Vuestras riquezas se han podrido y vuestras ropas est·n comidas de polilla.

3 Vuestro oro y vuestra plata se han oxidado, su herrumbre ser· un testigo contra vosotros y consumir· vuestra carne como fuego. Es en los ?ltimos dÌas que habÈis acumulado tesoros.

4 Mirad, el jornal de los obreros que han segado vuestros campos {y} que ha sido retenido por vosotros, clama {contra vosotros;} y el clamor de los segadores ha llegado a los oÌdos del Senor de los ejÈrcitos.

5 HabÈis vivido lujosamente sobre la tierra, y {habÈis} llevado una vida de placer desenfrenado; habÈis engordado vuestros corazones en el dÌa de la matanza.

6 HabÈis condenado {y} dado muerte al justo; Èl no os hace resistencia.

7 Por tanto, hermanos, sed pacientes hasta la venida del Senor. Mirad {cÛmo} el labrador espera el fruto precioso de la tierra, siendo paciente en ello hasta que recibe {la lluvia} temprana y {la} tardÌa.

8 Sed tambiÈn vosotros pacientes; fortaleced vuestros corazones, porque la venida del Senor est· cerca.

9 Hermanos, no os quejÈis unos contra otros, para que no se·is juzgados; mirad, el Juez est· a las puertas.

10 Hermanos, tomad como ejemplo de paciencia y aflicciÛn a los profetas que hablaron en el nombre del Senor.

11 Mirad {que} tenemos por bienaventurados a los que sufrieron. HabÈis oÌdo de la paciencia de Job, y habÈis visto el resultado del proceder del Senor, que el Senor es muy compasivo, y misericordioso.

12 Y sobre todo, hermanos mÌos, no jurÈis, ni por el cielo, ni por la tierra, ni con ning?n otro juramento; antes bien, sea vuestro sÌ, sÌ, y vuestro no, no, para que no caig·is bajo juicio.

13 øSufre alguno entre vosotros? Que haga oraciÛn. øEst· alguno alegre? Que cante alabanzas.

14 øEst· alguno entre vosotros enfermo? Que llame a los ancianos de la iglesia y que ellos oren por Èl, ungiÈndolo con aceite en el nombre del Senor;

15 y la oraciÛn de fe restaurar· al enfermo, y el Senor lo levantar·, y si ha cometido pecados le ser·n perdonados.

16 Por tanto, confesaos vuestros pecados unos a otros, y orad unos por otros para que se·is sanados. La oraciÛn eficaz del justo puede lograr mucho.

17 ElÌas era un hombre de pasiones semejantes a las nuestras, y orÛ fervientemente para que no lloviera, y no lloviÛ sobre la tierra por tres anos y seis meses.

18 Y otra vez orÛ, y el cielo dio lluvia y la tierra produjo su fruto.

19 Hermanos mÌos, si alguno de entre vosotros se extravÌa de la verdad y alguno le hace volver,

20 sepa que el que hace volver a un pecador del error de su camino salvar· su alma de muerte, y cubrir· multitud de pecados.

Weymouth

James 1

1 James, a bondservant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ: to the twelve tribes who are scattered over the world. All good wishes.

2 Reckon it nothing but joy, my brethren, whenever you find yourselves hedged in by various trials.

3 Be assured that the testing of your faith leads to power of endurance.

4 Only let endurance have perfect results so that you may become perfect and complete, deficient in nothing.

5 And if any one of you is deficient in wisdom, let him ask God for it, who gives with open hand to all men, and without upbraiding; and it will be given him.

6 But let him ask in faith and have no doubts; for he who has doubts is like the surge of the sea, driven by the wind and tossed into spray.

7 A person of that sort must not expect to receive anything from the Lord --

8 such a one is a man of two minds, undecided in every step he takes.

9 Let a brother in humble life rejoice when raised to a higher position;

10 but a rich man should rejoice in being brought low, for like flowers among the herbage rich men will pass away.

11 The sun rises with his scorching heat and dries up the herbage, so that its flowers drop off and the beauty of its appearance perishes, and in the same way rich men with all their prosperity will fade away.

12 Blessed is he who patiently endures trials; for when he has stood the test, he will gain the victor's crown -- even the crown of Life -- which the Lord has promised to those who love Him.

13 Let no one say when passing through trial, "My temptation is from God;" for God is incapable of being tempted to do evil, and He Himself tempts no one.

14 But when a man is tempted, it is his own passions that carry him away and serve as a bait.

15 Then the passion conceives, and becomes the parent of sin; and sin, when fully matured, gives birth to death.

16 Do not be deceived, my dearly-loved brethren.

17 Every gift which is good, and every perfect boon, is from above, and comes down from the Father, who is the source of all Light. In Him there is no variation nor the slightest suggestion of change.

18 In accordance with His will He made us His children through the Message of the truth, so that we might, in a sense, be the Firstfruits of the things which He has created.

19 You know this, my dearly-loved brethren. But let every one be quick to hear, slow to speak, and slow to be angry.

20 For a man's anger does not lead to action which God regards as righteous.

21 Ridding yourselves, therefore, of all that is vile and of the evil influences which prevail around you, welcome in a humble spirit the Message implanted within you, which is able to save your souls.

22 But prove yourselves obedient to the Message, and do not be mere hearers of it, imposing a delusion upon yourselves.

23 For if any one listens but does not obey, he is like a man who carefully looks at his own face in a mirror.

24 Although he has looked carefully at himself, he goes away, and has immediately forgotten the sort of man he is.

25 But he who looks closely into the perfect Law -- the Law of freedom -- and continues looking, he, being not a hearer who forgets, but an obedient doer, will as the result of his obedience be blessed.

26 If a man thinks that he is scrupulously religious, although he is not curbing his tongue but is deceiving himself, his religious service is worthless.

27 The religious service which is pure and stainless in the sight of our God and Father is to visit fatherless children and widowed women in their time of trouble, and to keep one's own self unspotted from the world.

James 2

1 My brethren, you must not make distinctions between one man and another while you are striving to maintain faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, who is our glory.

2 For suppose a man comes into one of your meetings wearing gold rings and fine clothes, and there also comes in a poor man wearing shabby clothes,

3 and you pay court to the one who wears the fine clothes, and say, "Sit here; this is a good place;" while to the poor man you say, "Stand there, or sit on the floor at my feet;"

4 is it not plain that in your hearts you have little faith, seeing that you have become judges full of wrong thoughts?

5 Listen, my dearly-loved brethren. Has not God chosen those whom the world regards as poor to be rich in faith and heirs of the Kingdom which He has promised to those that love Him?

6 But you have put dishonour upon the poor man. Yet is it not the rich who grind you down? Are not they the very people who drag you into the Law courts? --

7 and the very people who speak evil of the noble Name by which you are called?

8 If, however, you are keeping the Law as supreme, in obedience to the Commandment which says "You are to love your fellow man just as you love yourself," you are acting rightly.

9 But if you are making distinctions between one man and another, you are guilty of sin, and are convicted by the Law as offenders.

10 A man who has kept the Law as a whole, but has failed to keep some one command, has become guilty of violating all.

11 For He who said, "Do not commit adultery," also said, "Do not commit murder," and if you are a murderer, although not an adulterer, you have become an offender against the Law.

12 Speak and act as those should who are expecting to be judged by the Law of freedom.

13 For he who shows no mercy will have judgement given against him without mercy; but mercy triumphs over judgement.

14 What good is it, my brethren, if a man professes to have faith, and yet his actions do not correspond? Can such faith save him?

15 Suppose a Christian brother or sister is poorly clad or lacks daily food,

16 and one of you says to them, "I wish you well; keep yourselves warm and well fed," and yet you do not give them what they need; what is the use of that?

17 So also faith, if it is unaccompanied by obedience, has no life in it -- so long as it stands alone.

18 Nay, some one will say, "You have faith, I have actions: prove to me your faith apart from corresponding actions and I will prove mine to you by my actions.

19 You believe that God is one, and you are quite right: evil spirits also believe this, and shudder."

20 But, idle boaster, are you willing to be taught how it is that faith apart from obedience is worthless? Take the case of Abraham our forefather.

21 Was it, or was it not, because of his actions that he was declared to be righteous as the result of his having offered up his son Isaac upon the altar?

22 You notice that his faith was co-operating with his actions, and that by his actions his faith was perfected;

23 and the Scripture was fulfilled which says, "And Abraham believed God, and his faith was placed to his credit as righteousness," and he received the name of `God's friend.�

24 You all see that it is because of actions that a man is pronounced righteous, and not simply because of faith.

25 In the same way also was not the notorious sinner Rahab declared to be righteous because of her actions when she welcomed the spies and hurriedly helped them to escape another way?

26 For just as a human body without a spirit is lifeless, so also faith is lifeless if it is unaccompanied by obedience.

James 3

1 Do not be eager, my brethren, for many among you to become teachers; for you know that we teachers shall undergo severer judgement.

2 For we often stumble and fall, all of us. If there is any one who never stumbles in speech, that man has reached maturity of character and is able to curb his whole nature.

3 Remember that we put the horses' bit into their mouths to make them obey us, and so we turn their whole bodies round.

4 So too with ships, great as they are, and often driven along by strong gales, yet they can be steered with a very small rudder in whichever direction the caprice of the man at the helm chooses.

5 In the same way the tongue is an insignificant part of the body, but it is immensely boastful. Remember how a mere spark may set a vast forest in flames.

6 And the tongue is a fire. That world of iniquity, the tongue, is placed within us spotting and soiling our whole nature, and setting the whole round of our lives on fire, being itself set on fire by Gehenna.

7 For brute nature under all its forms -- beasts and birds, reptiles and fishes -- can be subjected and kept in subjection by human nature.

8 But the tongue no man or woman is able to tame. It is an ever-busy mischief, and is full of deadly poison.

9 With it we bless the Lord and Father, and with it we curse men, who are made in God's likeness.

10 Out of the same mouth there proceed blessing and cursing. My brethren, this ought not to be.

11 In a fountain, are fresh water and bitter sent forth from the same opening?

12 Can a fig-tree, my brethren, yield olives, or a vine yield figs? No; and neither can salt water yield sweet.

13 Which of you is a wise and well-instructed man? Let him prove it by a right life with conduct guided by a wisely teachable spirit.

14 But if in your hearts you have bitter feelings of envy and rivalry, do not speak boastfully and falsely, in defiance of the truth.

15 That is not the wisdom which comes down from above: it belongs to earth, to the unspiritual nature, and to evil spirits.

16 For where envy and rivalry are, there also are unrest and every vile deed.

17 The wisdom from above is first of all pure, then peaceful, courteous, not self-willed, full of compassion and kind actions, free from favouritism and from all insincerity.

18 And peace, for those who strive for peace, is the seed of which the harvest is righteousness.

James 4

1 What causes wars and contentions among you? Is it not the cravings which are ever at war within you for various pleasures?

2 You covet things and yet cannot get them; you commit murder; you have passionate desires and yet cannot gain your end; you begin to fight and make war. You have not, because you do not pray;

3 or you pray and yet do not receive, because you pray wrongly, your object being to waste what you get on some pleasure or another.

4 You unfaithful women, do you not know that friendship with the world means enmity to God? Therefore whoever is bent on being friendly with the world makes himself an enemy to God.

5 Or do you suppose that it is to no purpose that the Scripture says, "The Spirit which He has caused to dwell in our hearts yearns jealously over us"?

6 But He gives more abundant grace, as is implied in His saying, "God sets Himself against the haughty, but to the lowly He gives grace."

7 Submit therefore to God: resist the Devil, and he will flee from you.

8 Draw near to God, and He will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners, and make your hearts pure, you who are half-hearted towards God.

9 Afflict yourselves and mourn and weep aloud; let your laughter be turned into grief, and your gladness into shame.

10 Humble yourselves in the presence of the Lord, and He will exalt you.

11 Do not speak evil of one another, brethren. The man who speaks evil of a brother-man or judges his brother-man speaks evil of the Law and judges the Law. But if you judge the Law, you are no longer one who obeys the Law, but one who judges it.

12 The only real Lawgiver and Judge is He who is able to save or to destroy. Who are you to sit in judgement on your fellow man?

13 Come, you who say, "To-day or to-morrow we will go to this or that city, and spend a year there and carry on a successful business,"

14 when, all the while, you do not even know what will happen to-morrow. For what is the nature of your life? Why, it is but a mist, which appears for a short time and then is seen no more.

15 Instead of that you ought to say, "If it is the Lord's will, we shall live and do this or that."

16 But, as the case stands, it is in mere self-confidence that you boast: all such boasting is evil.

17 If, however, a man knows what it is right to do and yet does not do it, he commits a sin.

James 5

1 Come, you rich men, weep aloud and howl for your sorrows which will soon be upon you.

2 Your treasures have rotted, and your piles of clothing are moth-eaten;

3 your gold and your silver have become covered with rust, and the rust on them will give evidence against you, and will eat your flesh like fire. You have hoarded up wealth in these last days.

4 I tell you that the pay of the labourers who have gathered in your crops -- pay which you are keeping back -- is calling out against you; and the outcries of those who have been your reapers have entered into the ears of the Lord of the armies of Heaven.

5 Here on earth you have lived self-indulgent and profligate lives. You have stupefied yourselves with gross feeding; but a day of slaughter has come.

6 You have condemned -- you have murdered -- the righteous man: he offers no resistance.

7 Be patient therefore, brethren, until the Coming of the Lord. Notice how eagerly a farmer waits for a valuable crop! He is patient over it till it has received the early and the later rain.

8 So you also must be patient: keeping up your courage; for the Coming of the Lord is now close at hand.

9 Do not cry out in condemnation of one another, brethren, lest you come under judgement. I tell you that the Judge is standing at the door.

10 In illustration, brethren, of persecution patiently endured take the Prophets who have spoken as messengers from the Lord.

11 Remember that we call those blessed who endured what they did. You have also heard of Job's patient endurance, and have seen the issue of the Lord's dealings with him -- how full of tenderness and pity the Lord is.

12 But above all things, my brethren, do not swear, either by Heaven or by the earth, or with any other oath. Let your `yes� be simply `yes,� and your `no� be simply `no;� that you may not come under condemnation.

13 Is one of you suffering? Let him pray. Is any one in good spirits? Let him sing a psalm.

14 Is any one ill? Let him send for the Elders of the Church, and let them pray over him, after anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord.

15 And the prayer of faith will restore the sick man, and the Lord will raise him up to health; and if he has committed sins, they shall be forgiven.

16 Therefore confess your sins to one another, and pray for one another, so that you may be cured. The heartfelt supplication of a righteous man exerts a mighty influence.

17 Elijah was a man with a nature similar to ours, and he earnestly prayed that there might be no rain: and no rain fell on the land for three years and six months.

18 Again he prayed, and the sky gave rain and the land yielded its crops.

19 My brethren, if one of you strays from the truth and some one brings him back,

20 let him know that he who brings a sinner back from his evil ways will save the man's soul from death and throw a veil over a multitude of sins.

Williams NT

James 1

1 ¶James, a slave of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, sends greetings to the twelve tribes that are scattered over the world.

2 ¶You must consider it the purest joy, my brothers, when you are involved in various trials,

3 for you surely know that what is genuine in your faith produces the patient mind that endures;

4 but you must let your endurance come to its perfect product, so that you may be fully developed and perfectly equipped, without any defects.

5 But if any one of you is deficient in wisdom, let him ask God who generously gives to everyone and never reproaches one with its lack, and it will be given to him.

6 But he must ask in faith, without a doubt, for the man who doubts is like a wave of the sea that is whirled and swayed by the wind.

7 Such a man, indeed, a person with two minds, unreliable in every step he takes, must not expect to get anything from the Lord.

8 (*)

9 ¶Let the poor brother of lowly station rejoice in his exalted station as a Christian,

10 and the rich brother rejoice in his being on a level with the poor, because the rich will fade away like the flower of the grass.

11 For the sun comes up with its scorching heat and dries up the grass, and its flowers wither, and its beauty fades away; so will rich men fade away in their pursuits.

12 ¶Blessed is the person who endures trial, for when he stands the test, he will receive the crown of life, which God has promised to those who love Him.

13 No one must say, when he is tempted to do evil, "I have a temptation from God to do evil," for God cannot be tempted to do evil, and He never tempts anyone to do so.

14 But anyone is tempted to do evil when he is allured by his own evil desire and enticed by a bait.

15 Then evil desire conceives and gives birth to sin, and when sin is completed, it brings forth death.

16 ¶You must avoid being misled, my dearly loved brothers.

17 Every good gift and every perfect boon is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, in whom there is no variation or changing shadow.

18 In accordance with His will He made us His children by the message of truth, that we might be a kind of first fruits among His creatures.

19 ¶You must understand this, my dearly loved brothers. Everyone must be quick to hear, slow to speak, slow to get angry;

20 for a man's anger does not produce the uprightness that God requires.

21 So strip yourselves of everything impure and all the evils prevailing around you, and in humble spirit welcome the message which when rooted in your hearts is able to save your souls.

22 Keep on obeying this message; do not merely listen to it, and so deceive yourselves.

23 Because if anyone merely listens to the message without obeying it, he is like a man who looks in a mirror at his own face,

24 for he looks and then goes off and at once forgets how he looked.

25 But the man who looks at the flawless law that makes men free, and keeps on looking, proving himself to be, not a forgetful hearer but an actual doer of what it requires, will be blessed in what he does.

26 If anyone thinks he is religious, and does not bridle his tongue, but deceives himself, his religious worship is worthless.

27 A religious worship that is pure and stainless in the sight of God the Father is this: To look after orphans and widows in their trouble, and to keep one's own self unstained by the world.

James 2

1 ¶My brothers, stop trying to maintain your faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, the glorious presence of God on earth, along with acts of partiality to certain ones.

2 For if a man with a gold ring, dressed in fine clothes, comes to your meeting, and at the same time a poor man clad in dirty clothes,

3 and you pay special attention to the man who wears the fine clothes, and say to him, "Sit here in this fine place," and say to the poor man, "Stand up, or sit there on the floor at my feet,"

4 do you not make improper distinctions among yourselves and prove to be critics with evil motives?

5 Listen, my dearly loved brothers. Has not God chosen the poor of the world to be rich in faith and to possess the kingdom which He promised to those who love Him?

6 But you, in contrast, have humiliated the poor man. Are not the rich men those who oppress you and drag you to court?

7 Are not they the ones who scoff at the beautiful name you bear?

8 But if you really observe the law of the King in accordance with the Scripture, "You must love your neighbor as you do yourself," you are doing right;

9 but if you show partiality, you are committing sin, because you are convicted by the law as lawbreakers.

10 For whoever obeys the whole law, except to slip in a single instance, is guilty of breaking it all.

11 For He who said, "You must not commit adultery," also said, "You must not commit murder." Now if you do not commit adultery but you do commit murder, you are just the same a lawbreaker.

12 You must continue talking and acting like people who are to be judged by the law that treats them as free.

13 For merciless judgment will be the portion of the merciless man; yet mercy will triumph over judgment.

14 ¶My brothers, what good is there in a man's saying that he has faith, if he has no good deeds to prove it? Such faith cannot save him, can it?

15 If some brother or sister is thinly clad and has no food for the day,

16 and one of you says to him, "Blessings on you, keep warm, eat until you have aplenty," without giving him the things that are needed for the body, what good does it do?

17 So faith by itself, if it has no deeds to back it up, is dead.

18 But someone may say, "You have faith, and I have good deeds. Show me your faith without any good deeds, but I will show you mine by my good deeds."

19 Do you believe in one God? Very well; the demons, too, believe that, and shudder.

20 But, O senseless man, are you willing to learn that faith without good deeds is worthless?

21 Was not our forefather Abraham shown to be upright by his good deeds, namely, by offering Isaac his son upon the altar?

22 You see that faith cooperated with his good deeds, and by his good deeds faith was made complete;

23 and so the Scripture was fulfilled which says, "Abraham put his faith in God, and it was credited to him for uprightness, and he was called God's friend."

24 You see that a man is shown to be upright by his good deeds, and not merely by his faith.

25 Was not even Rahab the prostitute shown to be upright by her good deeds, namely, by entertaining the scouts and sending them off by a different road?

26 Just as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without good deeds is dead.

James 3

1 ¶Many of you, my brothers, should avoid becoming teachers, because you know that we teachers are going to be judged with stricter judgment than other people.

2 For we all make many a slip. If anyone never slips in speech, he is a man of maturity; he can control his whole body too.

3 If we put bridles into horses' mouths to make them obey us, we can guide their whole bodies, too.

4 Look at ships, too; though great and driven by violent winds, they are steered with a tiny rudder wherever the pilot pleases.

5 So the tongue, too, is a little organ but can boast of great achievements. See how a spark, ever so tiny, can set a vast forest on fire!

6 And the tongue is a fire, and takes its place among the parts of our bodies as a world of evil; it soils the whole body and sets on fire the circle of man's nature, and itself is set on fire by hell.

7 For every kind of beasts and birds, of reptiles and sea animals, can be, or have been, tamed by man;

8 but the tongue no human being can tame. It is an evil incapable of being quieted, full of deadly poison.

9 With it we bless the Lord and Father, and with it we curse men who are made in God's likeness.

10 Out of the same mouth flow blessing and cursing! It ought not to be like this, my brothers.

11 A fountain cannot pour from the same opening fresh and brackish water, can it?

12 A fig tree, my brothers, cannot bear olives, or a grape-vine figs, can it? And a salt spring cannot furnish fresh water.

13 ¶Who among you is wise and intelligent? Let him show by his noble living that his good deeds are done in humility, which wisdom prompts.

14 But if you cherish bitter jealousy and rivalry in your hearts, stop being proud of it and stop being false to the standard of truth.

15 This is not the kind of wisdom that comes down from above; no, it is earthly, human, demoniacal.

16 For wherever jealousy and rivalry exist, there will be confusion and all sorts of evil practices.

17 The wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, willing to yield, full of compassion and good deeds, free from doubts and insincerity.

18 The harvest of uprightness is grown from the seed of peace by those who are peacemakers.

James 4

1 ¶What causes wars and quarrels among you? Is it not your different desires which are ever at war within your bodies? You desire things and cannot have them, and so you commit murder.

2 You covet things, but cannot acquire them, and so you quarrel and fight. You do not have them, because you do not ask for them.

3 You ask and fail to get them, because you ask with evil, selfish motives, to spend them on your pleasures.

4 ¶You faithless wives! Do you not know that the friendship of the world means enmity with God? So whoever wants to be a friend to the world puts himself down as an enemy to God.

5 Or, do you think that the Scripture means nothing when it says, "He jealously yearns for the Spirit that He causes to dwell in your hearts"?

6 But He gives a greater spiritual blessing. He says, "God opposes haughty people but blesses humble people."

7 So then, submit to God. Resist the devil and he will fly from you.

8 Draw near to God and He will draw near to you. Get your hands clean, you sinners. Get your hearts purified, you double-minded.

9 Be miserable, mourn ... and weep aloud. Let your laughter be turned to grief and your joy to gloom.

10 Humble yourselves before the Lord, and He will lift you high.

11 ¶Stop talking against one another, brothers. Whoever is in the habit of talking against a brother or of criticizing his brother is criticizing and condemning the law. But if you are in the habit of criticizing the law, you are not a practicer but a critic of the law.

12 There is but one Lawgiver and Judge, the One who has the power to save and to destroy; then who are you that you presume to judge your brother?

13 ¶Come now, you who say, "Today or tomorrow we are going to such and such a city and stay a year, go into business and make money,"

14 although you do not have the slightest knowledge of tomorrow. What is the nature of your life? It is really nothing but a mist which appears for a little while and then disappears.

15 Instead, you ought to say, "If the Lord is willing, we shall live and do this or that."

16 But, as it is, you boast of your proud pretensions. All such boasting is wicked.

17 So when a man knows what is right but does not do it, he is guilty of sin.

James 5

1 ¶Come now, you rich people, weep aloud and howl over the miseries that are sure to overtake you.

2 Your wealth has rotted, your clothes are moth-eaten,

3 your gold and silver have rusted, and their rust will testify against you and devour your flesh like fire. You have stored up these things for the last days.

4 See, the wages that you have kept back from the laborers who reaped your fields are crying aloud, and the cries of the reapers have reached the ears of the Lord of hosts.

5 Here on earth you have lived in luxury and self-indulgence; you have fattened your hearts for the day of slaughter.

6 You have condemned and murdered the upright man; he offers no resistance.

7 ¶So be patient, brothers, until the coming of the Lord. See how the farmer keeps on waiting and waiting for the precious crop from his land; how he keeps up his patience over it until he gets the early and late rains,

8 You must be patient, too; you must put iron into your hearts, because the coming of the Lord is close at hand.

9 Stop muttering against one another, brothers, so as to keep from being judged yourselves. Look! The Judge is standing at the very door.

10 As an example of ill-treatment and patience, brothers, take the prophets, who spoke in the name of the Lord.

11 See how we call those who thus endured happy! You have heard how patiently Job endured and have seen how the Lord finally blessed him, because the Lord is tenderhearted and merciful.

12 ¶Above all, my brothers, stop swearing, either by heaven or by the earth, or by anything else. Let your "Yes" mean Yes, and your "No," No, so as to keep from falling under condemnation.

13 ¶Is any one of you suffering ill-treatment? He should keep on praying. Is anyone in a happy mood? He should keep on singing praise to God.

14 Is anyone sick among you? He should call in the elders of the church, and they should pray over him, and anoint him with oil in the name of the Lord,

15 and the prayer that is offered in faith will save the sick man; the Lord will raise him to health, and if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven.

16 So practice confessing your sins to one another, and praying for one another, that you may be cured. An upright man's prayer, when it keeps at work, is very powerful.

17 Elijah was a man with feelings just like ours, and yet he earnestly prayed for it not to rain, and it did not rain on the land for three years and six months.

18 Then again he prayed, and the heavens yielded rain and the earth produced its crops.

19 ¶My brothers, if any one of you has wandered away from the truth, and someone brings him back,

20 you may be sure that whoever brings a sinner back from his evil ways will save the man's soul from death, and cover up a multitude of sins.

World English Bible

James 1

1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are in the Dispersion: Greetings.

2 Count it all joy, my brothers (1), when you fall into various temptations,

3 knowing that the testing of your faith produces endurance.

4 Let endurance have its perfect work, that you may be perfect and complete, lacking in nothing.

5 But if any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all liberally and without reproach; and it will be given to him.

6 But let him ask in faith, without any doubting, for he who doubts is like a wave of the sea, driven by the wind and tossed.

7 For let that man not think that he will receive anything from the Lord.

8 He is a double-minded man, unstable in all his ways.

9 But let the brother in humble circumstances glory in his high position;

10 and the rich, in that he is made humble, because like the flower in the grass, he will pass away.

11 For the sun arises with the scorching wind, and withers the grass, and the flower in it falls, and the beauty of its appearance perishes. So also will the rich man fade away in his pursuits.

12 Blessed is the man who endures temptation, for when he has been approved, he will receive the crown of life, which the Lord promised to those who love him.

13 Let no man say when he is tempted, �I am tempted by God,� for God can't be tempted by evil, and he himself tempts no one.

14 But each one is tempted, when he is drawn away by his own lust, and enticed.

15 Then the lust, when it has conceived, bears sin; and the sin, when it is full grown, brings forth death.

16 Don't be deceived, my beloved brothers.

17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom can be no variation, nor turning shadow.

18 Of his own will he brought us forth by the word of truth, that we should be a kind of first fruits of his creatures.

19 So, then, my beloved brothers, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, and slow to anger;

20 for the anger of man doesn't produce the righteousness of God.

21 Therefore, putting away all filthiness and overflowing of wickedness, receive with humility the implanted word, which is able to save your souls (1).

22 But be doers of the word, and not only hearers, deluding your own selves.

23 For if anyone is a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like a man beholding his natural face in a mirror;

24 for he sees himself, and goes away, and immediately forgets what kind of man he was.

25 But he who looks into the perfect law, the law of freedom, and continues, not being a hearer who forgets but a doer of the work, this man will be blessed in what he does.

26 If anyone among you thinks himself to be religious while he doesn't bridle his tongue, but deceives his heart, this man's religion is worthless.

27 Pure religion and undefiled before our God and Father is this: to visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep oneself unstained by the world.

James 2

1 My brothers, don't hold the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ of glory with partiality.

2 For if a man with a gold ring, in fine clothing, comes into your synagogue (1), and a poor man in filthy clothing also comes in;

3 and you pay special attention to him who wears the fine clothing, and say, �Sit here in a good place;� and you tell the poor man, �Stand there,� or �Sit by my footstool;�

4 haven't you shown partiality among yourselves, and become judges with evil thoughts?

5 Listen, my beloved brothers. Didn't God choose those who are poor in this world to be rich in faith, and heirs of the Kingdom which he promised to those who love him?

6 But you have dishonored the poor man. Don't the rich oppress you, and personally drag you before the courts?

7 Don't they blaspheme the honorable name by which you are called?

8 However, if you fulfill the royal law, according to the Scripture, �You shall love your neighbor as yourself,� you do well.

9 But if you show partiality, you commit sin, being convicted by the law as transgressors.

10 For whoever shall keep the whole law, and yet stumble in one point, he has become guilty of all.

11 For he who said, �Do not commit adultery,� said also, �Do not commit murder.� Now if you do not commit adultery, but murder, you have become a transgressor of the law.

12 So speak, and so do, as men who are to be judged by a law of freedom.

13 For judgment is without mercy to him who has shown no mercy. Mercy triumphs over judgment.

14 What good is it, my brothers, if a man says he has faith, but has no works? Can faith save him?

15 And if a brother or sister is naked and in lack of daily food,

16 and one of you tells them, �Go in peace, be warmed and filled;� and yet you didn't give them the things the body needs, what good is it?

17 Even so faith, if it has no works, is dead in itself.

18 Yes, a man will say, �You have faith, and I have works.� Show me your faith from your works, and I by my works will show you my faith.

19 You believe that God is one. You do well. The demons also believe, and shudder.

20 But do you want to know, vain man, that faith apart from works is dead?

21 Wasn't Abraham our father justified by works, in that he offered up Isaac his son on the altar?

22 You see that faith worked with his works, and by works faith was perfected;

23 and the Scripture was fulfilled which says, �Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him as righteousness;� and he was called the friend of God.

24 You see then that by works, a man is justified, and not only by faith.

25 In like manner wasn't Rahab the prostitute also justified by works, in that she received the messengers, and sent them out another way?

26 For as the body apart from the spirit is dead, even so faith apart from works is dead.

James 3

1 Let not many of you be teachers, my brothers, knowing that we will receive heavier judgment.

2 For in many things we all stumble. If anyone doesn't stumble in word, the same is a perfect man, able to bridle the whole body also.

3 Indeed, we put bits into the horses' mouths so that they may obey us, and we guide their whole body.

4 Behold, the ships also, though they are so big and are driven by fierce winds, are yet guided by a very small rudder, wherever the pilot desires.

5 So the tongue is also a little member, and boasts great things. See how a small fire can spread to a large forest!

6 And the tongue is a fire. The world of iniquity among our members is the tongue, which defiles the whole body, and sets on fire the course of nature, and is set on fire by Gehenna. (1)

7 For every kind of animal, bird, creeping thing, and thing in the sea, is tamed, and has been tamed by mankind.

8 But nobody can tame the tongue. It is a restless evil, full of deadly poison.

9 With it we bless our God and Father, and with it we curse men, who are made in the image of God.

10 Out of the same mouth comes forth blessing and cursing. My brothers, these things ought not to be so.

11 Does a spring send out from the same opening fresh and bitter water?

12 Can a fig tree, my brothers, yield olives, or a vine figs? Thus no spring yields both salt water and fresh water.

13 Who is wise and understanding among you? Let him show by his good conduct that his deeds are done in gentleness of wisdom.

14 But if you have bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in your heart, don't boast and don't lie against the truth.

15 This wisdom is not that which comes down from above, but is earthly, sensual, and demonic.

16 For where jealousy and selfish ambition are, there is confusion and every evil deed.

17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceful, gentle, reasonable, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

18 Now the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace.

James 4

1 Where do wars and fightings among you come from? Don't they come from your pleasures that war in your members?

2 You lust, and don't have. You kill, covet, and can't obtain. You fight and make war. You don't have, because you don't ask.

3 You ask, and don't receive, because you ask with wrong motives, so that you may spend it for your pleasures.

4 You adulterers and adulteresses, don't you know that friendship with the world is enmity with God? Whoever therefore wants to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God.

5 Or do you think that the Scripture says in vain, �The Spirit who lives in us yearns jealously�?

6 But he gives more grace. Therefore it says, �God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble.�

7 Be subject therefore to God. But resist the devil, and he will flee from you.

8 Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners; and purify your hearts, you double-minded.

9 Lament, mourn, and weep. Let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to gloom.

10 Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he will exalt you.

11 Don't speak against one another, brothers. He who speaks against a brother and judges his brother, speaks against the law and judges the law. But if you judge the law, you are not a doer of the law, but a judge.

12 Only one is the lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy. But who are you to judge another?

13 Come now, you who say, �Today or tomorrow let's go into this city, and spend a year there, trade, and make a profit.�

14 Whereas you don't know what your life will be like tomorrow. For what is your life? For you are a vapor, that appears for a little time, and then vanishes away.

15 For you ought to say, �If the Lord wills, we will both live, and do this or that.�

16 But now you glory in your boasting. All such boasting is evil.

17 To him therefore who knows to do good, and doesn't do it, to him it is sin.

James 5

1 Come now, you rich, weep and howl for your miseries that are coming on you.

2 Your riches are corrupted and your garments are moth-eaten.

3 Your gold and your silver are corroded, and their corrosion will be for a testimony against you, and will eat your flesh like fire. You have laid up your treasure in the last days.

4 Behold, the wages of the laborers who mowed your fields, which you have kept back by fraud, cry out, and the cries of those who reaped have entered into the ears of the Lord of Armies.

5 You have lived delicately on the earth, and taken your pleasure. You have nourished your hearts as in a day of slaughter.

6 You have condemned, you have murdered the righteous one. He doesn't resist you.

7 Be patient therefore, brothers, until the coming of the Lord. Behold, the farmer waits for the precious fruit of the earth, being patient over it, until it receives the early and late rain.

8 You also be patient. Establish your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is at hand.

9 Don't grumble, brothers, against one another, so that you won't be judged. Behold, the judge stands at the door.

10 Take, brothers, for an example of suffering and of patience, the prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord.

11 Behold, we call them blessed who endured. You have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the Lord in the outcome, and how the Lord is full of compassion and mercy.

12 But above all things, my brothers, don't swear, neither by heaven, nor by the earth, nor by any other oath; but let your �yes� be �yes,� and your �no,� �no;� so that you don't fall into hypocrisy. (1)

13 Is any among you suffering? Let him pray. Is any cheerful? Let him sing praises.

14 Is any among you sick? Let him call for the elders of the assembly, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord,

15 and the prayer of faith will heal him who is sick, and the Lord will raise him up. If he has committed sins, he will be forgiven.

16 Confess your offenses to one another, and pray one for another, that you may be healed. The insistent prayer of a righteous person is powerfully effective.

17 Elijah was a man with a nature like ours, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain, and it didn't rain on the earth for three years and six months.

18 He prayed again, and the sky gave rain, and the earth brought forth its fruit.

19 Brothers, if any among you wanders from the truth, and someone turns him back,

20 let him know that he who turns a sinner from the error of his way will save a soul from death, and will cover a multitude of sins.

Young's Literal Translation

James 1

1 ¶James, of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ a servant, to the Twelve Tribes who are in the dispersion: Hail!

2 ¶All joy count it, my brethren, when ye may fall into temptations manifold;

3 knowing that the proof of your faith doth work endurance,

4 and let the endurance have a perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire -- in nothing lacking;

5 and if any of you do lack wisdom, let him ask from God, who is giving to all liberally, and not reproaching, and it shall be given to him;

6 and let him ask in faith, nothing doubting, for he who is doubting hath been like a wave of the sea, driven by wind and tossed,

7 for let not that man suppose that he shall receive anything from the Lord --

8 a two-souled man is unstable in all his ways.

9 And let the brother who is low rejoice in his exaltation,

10 and the rich in his becoming low, because as a flower of grass he shall pass away;

11 for the sun did rise with the burning heat, and did wither the grass, and the flower of it fell, and the grace of its appearance did perish, so also the rich in his way shall fade away!

12 Happy the man who doth endure temptation, because, becoming approved, he shall receive the crown of the life, which the Lord did promise to those loving Him.

13 ¶Let no one say, being tempted -- "From God I am tempted," for God is not tempted of evil, and Himself doth tempt no one,

14 and each one is tempted, by his own desires being led away and enticed,

15 afterward the desire having conceived, doth give birth to sin, and the sin having been perfected, doth bring forth death.

16 Be not led astray, my brethren beloved;

17 every good giving, and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of the lights, with whom is no variation, or shadow of turning;

18 having counselled, He did beget us with a word of truth, for our being a certain first-fruit of His creatures.

19 ¶So then, my brethren beloved, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to anger,

20 for the wrath of a man the righteousness of God doth not work;

21 wherefore having put aside all filthiness and superabundance of evil, in meekness be receiving the engrafted word, that is able to save your souls;

22 and become ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves,

23 because, if any one is a hearer of the word and not a doer, this one hath been like to a man viewing his natural face in a mirror,

24 for he did view himself, and hath gone away, and immediately he did forget of what kind he was;

25 and he who did look into the perfect law -- that of liberty, and did continue there, this one -- not a forgetful hearer becoming, but a doer of work -- this one shall be happy in his doing.

26 If any one doth think to be religious among you, not bridling his tongue, but deceiving his heart, of this one vain is the religion;

27 religion pure and undefiled with the God and Father is this, to look after orphans and widows in their tribulation -- unspotted to keep himself from the world.

James 2

1 ¶My brethren, hold not, in respect of persons, the faith of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ,

2 for if there may come into your synagogue a man with gold ring, in gay raiment, and there may come in also a poor man in vile raiment,

3 and ye may look upon him bearing the gay raiment, and may say to him, "Thou -- sit thou here well," and to the poor man may say, "Thou -- stand thou there, or, Sit thou here under my footstool," --

4 ye did not judge fully in yourselves, and did become ill-reasoning judges.

5 Hearken, my brethren beloved, did not God choose the poor of this world, rich in faith, and heirs of the reign that He promised to those loving Him?

6 and ye did dishonour the poor one; do not the rich oppress you and themselves draw you to judgment-seats;

7 do they not themselves speak evil of the good name that was called upon you?

8 ¶If, indeed, royal law ye complete, according to the Writing, "Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself," -- ye do well;

9 and if ye accept persons, sin ye do work, being convicted by the law as transgressors;

10 for whoever the whole law shall keep, and shall stumble in one point, he hath become guilty of all;

11 for He who is saying, "Thou mayest not commit adultery," said also, "Thou mayest do no murder;" and if thou shalt not commit adultery, and shalt commit murder, thou hast become a transgressor of law;

12 so speak ye and so do, as about by a law of liberty to be judged,

13 for the judgment without kindness is to him not having done kindness, and exult doth kindness over judgment.

14 ¶What is the profit, my brethren, if faith, any one may speak of having, and works he may not have? is that faith able to save him?

15 and if a brother or sister may be naked, and may be destitute of the daily food,

16 and any one of you may say to them, "Depart ye in peace, be warmed, and be filled," and may not give to them the things needful for the body, what is the profit?

17 so also the faith, if it may not have works, is dead by itself.

18 But say may some one, Thou hast faith, and I have works, shew me thy faith out of thy works, and I will shew thee out of my works my faith:

19 thou -- thou dost believe that God is one; thou dost well, and the demons believe, and they shudder!

20 And dost thou wish to know, O vain man, that the faith apart from the works is dead?

21 Abraham our father -- was not he declared righteous out of works, having brought up Isaac his son upon the altar?

22 dost thou see that the faith was working with his works, and out of the works the faith was perfected?

23 and fulfilled was the Writing that is saying, "And Abraham did believe God, and it was reckoned to him -- to righteousness;" and, "Friend of God' he was called.

24 Ye see, then, that out of works is man declared righteous, and not out of faith only;

25 and in like manner also Rahab the harlot -- was she not out of works declared righteous, having received the messengers, and by another way having sent forth?

26 for as the body apart from the spirit is dead, so also the faith apart from the works is dead.

James 3

1 ¶Many teachers become not, my brethren, having known that greater judgment we shall receive,

2 for we all make many stumbles; if any one in word doth not stumble, this one is a perfect man, able to bridle also the whole body;

3 lo, the bits we put into the mouths of the horses for their obeying us, and their whole body we turn about;

4 lo, also the ships, being so great, and by fierce winds being driven, are led about by a very small helm, whithersoever the impulse of the helmsman doth counsel,

5 so also the tongue is a little member, and doth boast greatly; lo, a little fire how much wood it doth kindle!

6 and the tongue is a fire, the world of the unrighteousness, so the tongue is set in our members, which is spotting our whole body, and is setting on fire the course of nature, and is set on fire by the gehenna.

7 For every nature, both of beasts and of fowls, both of creeping things and things of the sea, is subdued, and hath been subdued, by the human nature,

8 and the tongue no one of men is able to subdue, it is an unruly evil, full of deadly poison,

9 with it we do bless the God and Father, and with it we do curse the men made according to the similitude of God;

10 out of the same mouth doth come forth blessing and cursing; it doth not need, my brethren, these things so to happen;

11 doth the fountain out of the same opening pour forth the sweet and the bitter?

12 is a fig-tree able, my brethren, olives to make? or a vine figs? so no fountain salt and sweet water is able to make.

13 ¶Who is wise and intelligent among you? let him shew out of the good behaviour his works in meekness of wisdom,

14 and if bitter zeal ye have, and rivalry in your heart, glory not, nor lie against the truth;

15 this wisdom is not descending from above, but earthly, physical, demon-like,

16 for where zeal and rivalry are, there is insurrection and every evil matter;

17 and the wisdom from above, first, indeed, is pure, then peaceable, gentle, easily entreated, full of kindness and good fruits, uncontentious, and unhypocritical: --

18 and the fruit of the righteousness in peace is sown to those making peace.

James 4

1 ¶Whence are wars and fightings among you? not thence -- out of your passions, that are as soldiers in your members?

2 ye desire, and ye have not; ye murder, and are zealous, and are not able to attain; ye fight and war, and ye have not, because of your not asking;

3 ye ask, and ye receive not, because evilly ye ask, that in your pleasures ye may spend it.

4 Adulterers and adulteresses! have ye not known that friendship of the world is enmity with God? whoever, then, may counsel to be a friend of the world, an enemy of God he is set.

5 Do ye think that emptily the Writing saith, "To envy earnestly desireth the spirit that did dwell in us,"

6 and greater grace he doth give, wherefore he saith, "God against proud ones doth set Himself up, and to lowly ones He doth give grace?"

7 be subject, then, to God; stand up against the devil, and he will flee from you;

8 draw nigh to God, and He will draw nigh to you; cleanse hands, ye sinners! and purify hearts, ye two-souled!

9 be exceeding afflicted, and mourn, and weep, let your laughter to mourning be turned, and the joy to heaviness;

10 be made low before the Lord, and He shall exalt you.

11 ¶Speak not one against another, brethren; he who is speaking against a brother, and is judging his brother, doth speak against law, and doth judge law, and if law thou dost judge, thou art not a doer of law but a judge;

12 one is the lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy; thou -- who art thou that dost judge the other?

13 Go, now, ye who are saying, "To-day and to-morrow we will go on to such a city, and will pass there one year, and traffic, and make gain;"

14 who do not know the thing of the morrow; for what is your life? for it is a vapour that is appearing for a little, and then is vanishing;

15 instead of your saying, "If the Lord may will, we shall live, and do this or that;"

16 and now ye glory in your pride; all such glorying is evil;

17 to him, then, knowing to do good, and not doing, sin it is to him.


Discuss Bible in a Year for December 21: James 1